Web of Science: 7 cites, Scopus: 6 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Topical Administration of Bosentan Prevents Retinal Neurodegeneration in Experimental Diabetes
Bogdanov, Patricia (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Simó-Servat, Olga (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Sampedro, Joel (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Solà-Adell, Cristina (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Garcia-Ramírez, Marta (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Ramos, Hugo (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Guerrero, Marta (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Farmàcia i Tecnologia Farmacèutica, i Fisicoquímica)
Suñé-Negre, Josep Maria (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Farmàcia i Tecnologia Farmacèutica, i Fisicoquímica)
Ticó, Josep Ramon (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Farmàcia i Tecnologia Farmacèutica, i Fisicoquímica)
Montoro, Bruno (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Durán, Vicente (Medical Mix S.L.U.)
Arias, Luis (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Hernández Pascual, Cristina (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Simó, Rafael (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina)

Data: 2018
Resum: Experimental evidence suggests that endothelin 1 (ET-1) is involved in the development of retinal microvascular abnormalities induced by diabetes. The effects of ET-1 are mediated by endothelin A- and B-receptors (ETA and ETB). Endothelin B-receptors activation mediates retinal neurodegeneration but there are no data regarding the effectiveness of ETB receptor blockage in arresting retinal neurodegeneration induced by diabetes. The main aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of topical administration of bosentan (a dual endothelin receptor antagonist) in preventing retinal neurodegeneration in diabetic (db/db) mice. For this purpose, db/db mice aged 10 weeks were treated with one drop of bosentan (5 mg/mL, n = 6) or vehicle (n = 6) administered twice daily for 14 days. Six non-diabetic (db/+) mice matched by age were included as the control group. Glial activation was evaluated by immunofluorescence using specific antibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL method. A pharmacokinetic study was performed in rabbits. We found that topical administration of bosentan resulted in a significant decrease of reactive gliosis and apoptosis. The results of the pharmacokinetic study suggested that bosentan reached the retina through the trans-scleral route. We conclude that topical administration of bosentan was effective in preventing neurodegeneration in the diabetic retina and, therefore, could be a good candidate to be tested in clinical trials.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RETOS/RTC-2015-4400-1
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Diabetic retinopathy ; Retinal neurodegeneration ; Endothelin-1 ; Bosentan ; Db/db mouse
Publicat a: International journal of molecular sciences, Vol. 19 Núm. 11 (13 2018) , ISSN 1422-0067

DOI: 10.3390/ijms19113578
PMID: 30428543


15 p, 3.4 MB

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