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Gap-filling a spatially explicit plant trait database : comparing imputation methods and different levels of environmental information
Poyatos López, Rafael (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Sus, Oliver (European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, Organització Europea per a l'Explotació de Satèl·lits Meteorològics)
Badiella Busquets, Llorenç (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Estadística Aplicada)
Mencuccini, Maurizio (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Martínez Vilalta, Jordi, 1975- (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Data: 2018
Resum: The ubiquity of missing data in plant trait databases may hinder trait-based analyses of ecological patterns and processes. Spatially explicit datasets with information on intraspecific trait variability are rare but offer great promise in improving our understanding of functional biogeography. At the same time, they offer specific challenges in terms of data imputation. Here we compare statistical imputation approaches, using varying levels of environmental information, for five plant traits (leaf biomass to sapwood area ratio, leaf nitrogen content, maximum tree height, leaf mass per area and wood density) in a spatially explicit plant trait dataset of temperate and Mediterranean tree species (Ecological and Forest Inventory of Catalonia, IEFC, dataset for Catalonia, north-east Iberian Peninsula, 31 900 km2). We simulated gaps at different missingness levels (10–80 %) in a complete trait matrix, and we used overall trait means, species means, k nearest neighbours (kNN), ordinary and regression kriging, and multivariate imputation using chained equations (MICE) to impute missing trait values. We assessed these methods in terms of their accuracy and of their ability to preserve trait distributions, multi-trait correlation structure and bivariate trait relationships. The relatively good performance of mean and species mean imputations in terms of accuracy masked a poor representation of trait distributions and multivariate trait structure. Species identity improved MICE imputations for all traits, whereas forest structure and topography improved imputations for some traits. No method performed best consistently for the five studied traits, but, considering all traits and performance metrics, MICE informed by relevant ecological variables gave the best results. However, at higher missingness (> 30 %), species mean imputations and regression kriging tended to outperform MICE for some traits. MICE informed by relevant ecological variables allowed us to fill the gaps in the IEFC incomplete dataset (5495 plots) and quantify imputation uncertainty. Resulting spatial patterns of the studied traits in Catalan forests were broadly similar when using species means, regression kriging or the best-performing MICE application, but some important discrepancies were observed at the local level. Our results highlight the need to assess imputation quality beyond just imputation accuracy and show that including environmental information in statistical imputation approaches yields more plausible imputations in spatially explicit plant trait datasets.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MTM2015-69493-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2014-55883-JIN
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2013-46808-R
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Publicat a: Biogeosciences, vOL. 15 (2018) , p. 2601-2617

DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-2601-2018


Article
17 p, 1.8 MB

Suplement
21 p, 4.4 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2019-03-25, darrera modificació el 2019-04-22



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