Web of Science: 6 cites, Scopus: 10 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Coping Strategies and Social Support in a Mobile Phone Chat App Designed to Support Smoking Cessation : Qualitative Analysis
Granado Font, Esther (Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Departament d'Infermeria)
Ferré Grau, Carme (Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Departament d'Infermeria)
Rey Reñones, Cristina (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Pons-Vigués, Mariona (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Pujol Ribera, Enriqueta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Berenguera, Anna (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Barrera Uriarte, Maria Luisa (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Basora, Josep (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Valverde, Araceli (Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Salut)
Duch Gavaldà, Jordi (Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Departament d'Enginyeria Informàtica i Matemàtiques)
Flores-Mateo, Gemma (Xarxa Sanitària i Social Santa Tecla)

Data: 2018
Resum: Smoking is one of the most significant factors contributing to low life expectancy, health inequalities, and illness at the worldwide scale. Smoking cessation attempts benefit from social support. Mobile phones have changed the way we communicate through the use of freely available message-oriented apps. Mobile app-based interventions for smoking cessation programs can provide interactive, supportive, and individually tailored interventions. This study aimed to identify emotions, coping strategies, beliefs, values, and cognitive evaluations of smokers who are in the process of quitting, and to analyze online social support provided through the analysis of messages posted to a chat function integrated into a mobile app. In this descriptive qualitative study, informants were smokers who participated in the chat of Tobbstop. The technique to generate information was documentary through messages collected from September 2014 through June 2016, specifically designed to support a smoking cessation intervention. A thematic content analysis of the messages applied 2 conceptual models: the Lazarus and Folkman model to assess participant's experiences and perceptions and the Cutrona model to evaluate online social support. During the study period, 11,788 text messages were posted to the chat by 101 users. The most frequent messages offered information and emotional support, and all the basic emotions were reported in the chat. The 3 most frequent coping strategies identified were physical activity, different types of treatment such as nicotine replacement, and humor. Beliefs about quitting smoking included the inevitability of weight gain and the notion that not using any type of medications is better for smoking cessation. Health and family were the values more frequently described, followed by freedom. A smoke-free environment was perceived as important to successful smoking cessation. The social support group that was developed with the app offered mainly emotional and informational support. Our analysis suggests that a chat integrated into a mobile app focused on supporting smoking cessation provides a useful tool for smokers who are in the process of quitting, by offering social support and a space to share concerns, information, or strategies.
Ajuts: Instituto de Salud Carlos III FIS/PI12/01977
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad FIS2016-78904-C3-1-P
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Primary health care ; Qualitative research ; Mobile apps ; Smoking cessation ; Social support ; Psychological adaptation
Publicat a: JMIR mHealth and uHealth, Vol. 6, Issue 12 (December 2018) , art. e11071, ISSN 2291-5222

DOI: 10.2196/11071
PMID: 30573445

12 p, 473.2 KB

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