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Decomposing patterns of college marital sorting in 118 countries : structural constraints versus assortative mating
Permanyer, Iñaki (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)
Esteve, Albert (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)
García Román, Joan (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)

Data: 2019
Resum: Two broad forces shape the patterns of marital sorting by education: structural constraints and assortative mating. However, we lack specific and comparative quantification of the extent of these two forces. In this paper, we measure the specific contributions of (i) assortative mating, (ii) the level of college education and (iii) the gender gap in education on marital sorting patterns and the corresponding polarization levels between college and non-college educated couples. Unlike previous studies, we adopt a large- cross-national approach including 118 countries and more than 258 observations spanning from 1960 up to 2011. Methodologically, we develop counterfactual modelling techniques to compare observed patterns of marital sorting with expected patterns derived from alternative structural and assortative mating conditions. Our findings indicate that changes in college marital sorting and increases in polarization between college- and non-college-educated populations are overwhelmingly driven by structural constraints, namely the expansion of college education. Instead, educational assortative mating plays a limited role – accounting only for 5% of the observed changes in marriage market polarization.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció ERC-2014-StG-637768
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RYC-2013-14196
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RTI2018-096730-B-I00
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Marital sorting patterns ; Education assortative mating ; Education expansion ; Gender gap in education ; College education ; Polarization
Publicat a: Social Science Research, Vol. 83, Núm. 102313 (Setembre 2019) , ISSN 0049-089X

Adreça alternativa: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X18308226
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2019.06.004


Disponible a partir de: 2020-06-27
Postprint

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències socials i jurídiques > Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics (CED)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2019-07-03, darrera modificació el 2019-09-23



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