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Proximal pulmonary arterial wall disease in patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension after successful left-sided valve replacement according to the hemodynamic phenotype
Domingo Ribas, Enric (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia)
Grignola, Juan C. (Universidad de la República (Montevideo, Uruguai). Hospital de Clínicas)
Trujillo, Pedro (Universidad de la República (Montevideo, Uruguai). Hospital de Clínicas)
Aguilar, Rio (Hospital Universitario de la Princesa (Madrid))
Roman, Antonio (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron)

Data: 2018
Resum: Regression of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is often incomplete after successful left-sided valve replacement (LSVR). Proximal pulmonary arterial (PPA) wall disease can be involved in patients with persistent-PH after LSVR, affecting the right ventricular to pulmonary arterial (RV-PA) coupling. Fifteen patients underwent successful LSVR at least one year ago presenting PH by echo (> 50 mmHg). Prosthesis-patient mismatch and left ventricular dysfunction were discarded. All patients underwent hemodynamic and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) study. We estimated PPA stiffness (elastic modulus [EM]) and the relative area wall thickness (AWT). Acute vasoreactivity was assessed by inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) testing. RV-PA coupling was estimated by the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion to systolic pulmonary arterial pressure ratio. Patients were classified as isolated post-capillary PH (Ipc-PH; pulmonary vascular resistance [PVR] ≤ 3 WU and/or diastolic pulmonary gradient [DPG] < 7 mmHg) and combined post- and pre-capillary PH (Cpc-PH; PVR > 3 WU and DPG ≥ 7 mmHg). Both Ipc-PH and Cpc-PH showed a significant increase of EM and AWT. Despite normal PVR and DPG, Ipc-PH had a significant decrease in pulmonary arterial capacitance and RV-PA coupling impairment. Cpc-PH had worse PA stiffness and RV-PA coupling to Ipc-PH (P < 0. 05). iNO decreased RV afterload, improving the cardiac index and stroke volume only in Cpc-PH (P < 0. 05). Patients with persistent PH after successful LSVR have PPA wall disease and RV-PA coupling impairment beyond the hemodynamic phenotype. Cpc-PH is responsive to iNO, having the worse PA stiffness and RV-PA coupling. The PPA remodeling could be an early event in the natural history of PH associated with left heart disease.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Pulmonary hypertension ; Pulmonary arterial wall ; Left-sided valve replacement ; Right ventricular to pulmonary arterial coupling ; Inhaled nitric oxide
Publicat a: Pulmonary Circulation, Vol. 9 (december 2018) , ISSN 2045-8940

DOI: 10.1177/2045894018816972
PMID: 30430894


10 p, 849.1 KB

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