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Fertility decisions in transition : young adults' perceptions on fertility three decades apart in Spain
Bueno García, Xiana (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)

Data: 2019
Resum: The aim of this unique study is to analyze the generational change in perceptions regarding fertility decisions between young Spanish adults in the mid-1980s and young Spanish adults in the early 2010s and to test the extent to which the theoretical perspectives on fertility are supported by individual narratives over time. For nearly thirty years, Spain has had low fertility levels that contrast with the persistent ideal family size of two children. However, the literature has barely explored individuals' perceptions of fertility decision-making over time. This paper seizes the exceptional opportunity to analyze 97 in-depth personal interviews of highly educated young adults in urban Spain from two independent studies conducted in 1985 and 2012. The results indicate that although the value change associated with the second demographic transition remains over time, the changes in age norms and partnership formation norms underlie the main differences between the two generations. Economic uncertainty and the lack of support for work-life balance stand out as persistent structural factors that influence the fertility decisions in both samples. In addition, the respondents' narratives confirm that the transition of gender-role norms towards greater egalitarianism remains unfinished. By assigning value to the perceptions of individuals, this study contributes to the understanding of how the normative framework and meaning of childbearing have changed under the rubric of the macrolevel theoretical perspectives that explain fertility decline.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/657030
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció NSF/SES1123885
Nota: This work was supported by the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Framework Programme under the H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Grant Agreement No. 657030 to Xiana Bueno. Data from 2012 was collected thanks to National Science Foundation grant #SES1123885 to principal investigator Professor Mary C. Brinton at Harvard University. Data from 1985 was available to me thanks to Professor Anna Cabré and Professor Andreu Domingo at Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics in Barcelona.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Matèria: Fertility ; Spain ; Comparative analysis ; Qualitative analysis ; Generational change ; Second Demographic Transition ; Gender egalitarianism ; Economic uncertainty
Publicat a: The History of the Family, 2019, p. 1-29, ISSN 1081-602X

DOI: 10.1080/1081602X.2019.1686049


Preprint
39 p, 568.6 KB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències socials i jurídiques > Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics (CED)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2019-11-11, darrera modificació el 2019-12-09



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