Web of Science: 18 cites, Scopus: 17 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Understanding legal trade of cattle and camels and the risk of rift valley fever introduction into Egypt
Napp Avelli, Sebastián (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Chevalier, Veronique (CIRAD, UPR AGIRs, Montpellier, France)
Busquets, Núria (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Calistri, Paolo (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO))
Casal i Fàbrega, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Sanitat i d'Anatomia Animals)
Attia, Mohamed (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Central Administration of Preventive Medicine)
Elbassal, Rehab (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Department of Epidemiology)
Hosni, Heba (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Department of Epidemiology)
Farrag, Hatem (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Quarantine & Inspection Department)
Hassan, Noura (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Quarantine & Inspection Department)
Tawfik, Rasha (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Quarantine & Inspection Department)
Abd Elkader Sohair (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Central Administration of Preventive Medicine)
Bayomy, Shanin (Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. Department of Epidemiology)

Data: 2018
Resum: Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonosis, which may cause significant losses for the livestock sector and have serious public health implications. Egypt has been repeatedly affected by RVF epidemics, mainly associated to the importation of animals from subSaharan countries, where the disease is endemic. The objective of our study was the improvement of the surveillance and control strategies implemented in Egypt. In order to do that, first we evaluated the legal trade of live animals into and within Egypt. Then, we assessed the risk of Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) transmission within the country using a multi-criteria evaluation approach. Finally, we combined the animal trade and the risk of RVFV transmission data to identify those areas and periods in which the introduction of RVFV is more likely. Our results indicate that the main risk of RVFV introduction is posed by the continuous flow of large number of camels coming from Sudan. The risk of RVFV transmission by vectors is restricted to the areas surrounding the Nile river, and does not vary significantly throughout the year. Imported camels are taken to quarantines, where the risk of RVFV transmission by vectors is generally low. Then, they are taken to animal markets or slaughterhouses, many located in populated areas, where the risk of RVFV transmission to animals or humans is much higher. The measures currently implemented (quarantines, vaccination or testing) seem to have a limited effect in reducing the risk of RVFV introduction, and therefore other (risk-based) surveillance strategies are proposed.
Ajuts: European Commission 613996
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Publicat a: PLoS neglected tropical diseases, Vol. 12 (2018) , p. e0006143, ISSN 1935-2735

Adreça alternativa: https://scholar.google.cat/scholar?q=Napp+Understanding+legal+trade+of+cattle
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006143
PMID: 29351273


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