Web of Science: 6 cites, Scopus: 6 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Natural history of swallow function during the three-month period after stroke
Arreola, Viridiana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Vilardell Navarro, Natàlia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
de Barcelona
Ortega, Omar (Hospital de Mataró)
Rofes, Laia (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas)
Muriana Batiste, Desiree (Hospital de Mataró)
Palomeras i Soler, Ernest (Hospital de Mataró)
Alvarez Berdugo, Daniel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Clavé, Pere (Hospital de Mataró)

Data: 2019
Resum: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a prevalent complication following stroke (PS-OD), and one that is sometimes spontaneously recovered. This study describes the natural history of PS-OD between admission and three months post-stroke, and the factors associated with its prevalence and development. PS-OD was assessed with the volume- iscosity swallow test (V-VST) in all stroke patients on admission and at the three-month follow-up. We analyzed clinical, demographic, and neuroanatomical factors of 247 older post-stroke patients (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) = 3. 5 ± 3. 8), comparing among those with PS-OD the ones with and without spontaneous recovery. PS-OD prevalence on admission was 39. 7% (34. 0% impaired safety; 30. 8%, efficacy) and 41. 7% (19. 4% impaired safety; 39. 3%, efficacy) at three months. Spontaneous swallow recovery occurred in 42. 4% of patients with unsafe and in 29. 9% with ineffective swallow, associated with younger age and optimal functional status. However, 26% of post-stroke patients developed new signs/symptoms of ineffective swallow related to poor functional, nutritional and health status, and institutionalization. PS-OD prevalence on admission and at the three-month follow-up was very high in the study population. PS-OD is a dynamic condition with some spontaneous recovery in patients with optimal functional status, but also new signs/symptoms can appear due to poor functionality. Regular PS-OD monitoring is needed to identify patients at risk of nutritional and respiratory complications.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Deglutition ; Deglutition disorders ; Function recovery ; Neurophysiology ; Stroke
Publicat a: Geriatrics, Vol. 4 (2019) , p. 1-13, ISSN 2308-3417

DOI: 10.3390/geriatrics4030042
PMID: 31324004


13 p, 903.9 KB

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