Web of Science: 2 cites, Scopus: 2 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
A waste lexicon to negotiate extended producer responsibility in free trade agreements
Torrente, Jorge M. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Ripa, Maddalena (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Chifari, Rosaria (Fundació ENT)
Bukkens, Sandra (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Giampietro, Mario (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Data: 2020
Resum: Developing economies largely rely on imported consumer goods from the manufacturing industries of industrialized economies through free-trade agreements. After consumption, goods end-up in local waste streams and landfilled because of poorly developed waste management systems. This paper proposes a methodology to extend responsibility to exporting country manufacturers for indirect waste disposal in developing countries through imported goods. It establishes a functional relationship between the weight and volume of the imported goods and the local municipal solid waste stream derived from their consumption, by adapting the recycling concepts of by-product and co-product to the municipal solid waste stream derived from the household sector. A lexicon is formalized to conceptualize an extended-producer-responsibility information system operating at the global level between exporting and importing countries. This EPR system i) determines the recyclability, reusability and treatability attributes of imported goods based on their constitutive parts (primary package or product), as well as the material value as per the net value in the global waste market and final destination once consumed, ii) defines specific conditions regarding the goods' materials value and structural configuration of their constitutive parts for inclusion in Free-Trade Agreement clauses, and iii) checks for the fulfilment of these proposed conditions. The proposed methodology was validated with a case study on Panama. It was found that 24%(w/w)-34. 5%(v/v) of valued materials derived from goods imported in Panama through FTAs could be exported back to the country of origin, 18%(w/w)-2. 8%(v/v) could be locally reused, and 58%(w/w)-62. 5%(v/v) locally valorized. Only 16% (w/w)-16%(v/v) would have to be landfilled.
Ajuts: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad MDM-2015-0552
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu CEX2019-000940-M
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió acceptada per publicar
Matèria: Extended producer responsibility ; Free-trade agreement ; Imported consumer goods ; Developing economies ; Landfill waste diversion ; Decision-support system
Publicat a: Resources, conservation and recycling, Vol. 156 (May 2020) , art. 104711, ISSN 0921-3449

DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104711


Postprint
42 p, 2.5 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA) > Integrated Assessment: Sociology, Technology and the Environment (IASTE)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2020-01-27, darrera modificació el 2022-06-05



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