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Soil restoration using compost-like-outputs and digestates from non-source-separated urban waste as organic amendments: limitations and opportunities
Carabassa, Vicenç (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Domene, X. (Xavier) (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Alcañiz, Josep M. (Josep Maria) (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Data: 2020
Resum: Soil rehabilitation in the context of the restoration of quarries, dumping sites, or road slopes often requires the prior addition of organic amendments to improve the substrates used for Technosol construction. Bio-wastes coming from advanced Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plants, mainly compost-like-outputs (CLO) and digestates (DGT), are new and suitable sources of organic matter potentially useful as organic amendments for this purpose, in an approach clearly fulfilling the principles of circular economy. In order to assess the suitability of these materials, a complete physicochemical and biological evaluation was carried out, including an ecotoxicological evaluation to discard hazardous effects on key soil fauna groups. Field experiments were also carried out on several road slopes and a dumping site. The stability degree of organic matter and the impurities content could be restricting parameters for the use of CLO in soils. Low stability degree decreased plant development in the initial stages of restoration. Moreover, the high heterogeneity in terms of physicochemical parameters of the different CLOs assessed is a serious constraint to making generalizations about its use. In contrast, composition of DGTs was more stable between plants and batches, and presented low impurities and high N contents that make them more suitable for applying to soil and promoting plant development. Regarding the application rates, DGT application at 20 g kgSoil rehabilitation in the context of the restoration of quarries, dumping sites, or road slopes often requires the prior addition of organic amendments to improve the substrates used for Technosol construction. Bio-wastes coming from advanced Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plants, mainly compost-like-outputs (CLO) and digestates (DGT), are new and suitable sources of organic matter potentially useful as organic amendments for this purpose, in an approach clearly fulfilling the principles of circular economy. In order to assess the suitability of these materials, a complete physicochemical and biological evaluation was carried out, including an ecotoxicological evaluation to discard hazardous effects on key soil fauna groups. Field experiments were also carried out on several road slopes and a dumping site. The stability degree of organic matter and the impurities content could be restricting parameters for the use of CLO in soils. Low stability degree decreased plant development in the initial stages of restoration. Moreover, the high heterogeneity in terms of physicochemical parameters of the different CLOs assessed is a serious constraint to making generalizations about its use. In contrast, composition of DGTs was more stable between plants and batches, and presented low impurities and high N contents that make them more suitable for applying to soil and promoting plant development. Regarding the application rates, DGT application at 20 g kg−1 clearly improved plant growth after sowing, without compromising recruitment. However, application at 80 g kgSoil rehabilitation in the context of the restoration of quarries, dumping sites, or road slopes often requires the prior addition of organic amendments to improve the substrates used for Technosol construction. Bio-wastes coming from advanced Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plants, mainly compost-like-outputs (CLO) and digestates (DGT), are new and suitable sources of organic matter potentially useful as organic amendments for this purpose, in an approach clearly fulfilling the principles of circular economy. In order to assess the suitability of these materials, a complete physicochemical and biological evaluation was carried out, including an ecotoxicological evaluation to discard hazardous effects on key soil fauna groups. Field experiments were also carried out on several road slopes and a dumping site. The stability degree of organic matter and the impurities content could be restricting parameters for the use of CLO in soils. Low stability degree decreased plant development in the initial stages of restoration. Moreover, the high heterogeneity in terms of physicochemical parameters of the different CLOs assessed is a serious constraint to making generalizations about its use. In contrast, composition of DGTs was more stable between plants and batches, and presented low impurities and high N contents that make them more suitable for applying to soil and promoting plant development. Regarding the application rates, DGT application at 20 g kg−1 clearly improved plant growth after sowing, without compromising recruitment. However, application at 80 g kg−1 did not ameliorate seed germination and plant growth, in either CLO or DGT treatments, and increased N-leaching and toxicity risk to soil mesofauna in DGT amended Technosols. did not ameliorate seed germination and plant growth, in either CLO or DGT treatments, and increased N-leaching and toxicity risk to soil mesofauna in DGT amended Technosols. clearly improved plant growth after sowing, without compromising recruitment. However, application at 80 g kg−1 did not ameliorate seed germination and plant growth, in either CLO or DGT treatments, and increased N-leaching and toxicity risk to soil mesofauna in DGT amended Technosols.
Nota: Ajuts: The work described in this paper was funded by the Catalan Waste Agency (ARC) and the General Directorate for Mobility Infrastructures of the Department of Territory and Sustainability of the Government of Catalonia.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Technosol ; Bio-wastes ; Mechanical-biological treatment plants ; Compost impurities ; Stability degree ; Ecotoxicity risk
Publicat a: Journal of environmental management, Vol. 255 (Feb. 2020) , art. 109909, ISSN 0301-4797

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109909


Disponible a partir de: 2022-02-28
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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
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 Registre creat el 2020-03-23, darrera modificació el 2020-03-26



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