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Evidence mapping and quality assessment of systematic reviews on therapeutic interventions for oral cancer
Madera Anaya, Meisser (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Franco, Juan Victor Ariel (Department of Research, Cochrane Argentina, Instituto Universitario Hospital Italiano, Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Ballesteros, Mónica (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Solà, Ivan (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Urrútia Cuchí, Gerard (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Bonfill Cosp, Xavier (CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Date: 2018
Abstract: This evidence mapping aims to describe and assess the quality of available evidence in systematic reviews (SRs) on treatments for oral cancer. We followed the methodology of Global Evidence Mapping. Searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Epistemonikos and The Cochrane Library were conducted to identify SRs on treatments for oral cancer. The methodological quality of SRs was assessed using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-2 tool. We organized the results according to identified Population-Intervention-Comparison-Outcome (PICO) questions and presented the evidence mapping in tables and a bubble plot. Fifteen SRs met the eligibility criteria, including 118 individual reports, of which 55. 1% were randomized controlled clinical trials. Ten SRs scored "Critically low" methodological quality. We extracted 30 PICOs focusing on interventions such as surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy; 18 PICOs were for resectable oral cancer, of which 8 were reported as beneficial. There were 12 PICOs for unresectable oral cancer, of which only 2 interventions were reported as beneficial. There is limited available evidence on treatments for oral cancer. The methodological quality of most included SRs scored "Critically low". The main beneficial treatment reported by authors for patients with resectable oral cancer is surgery alone or in combination with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Evidence about the benefits of the treatments for unresectable oral cancer is lacking. These findings highlight the need to address future research focused on new treatments and knowledge gaps in this field, and increased efforts are required to improve the methodology quality and reporting process of SRs on treatments for oral cancer.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Mouth neoplasms ; Oral carcinoma ; Buccal tumor ; Evidence synthesis ; Evidence-based medicine
Published in: Cancer Management and Research, Vol. 11 (december 2018) , p. 117-130, ISSN 1179-1322

DOI: 10.2147/CMAR.S186700
PMID: 30636891

14 p, 2.3 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2020-07-06, last modified 2021-04-12

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