Web of Science: 13 cites, Scopus: 22 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion and Other Uses of Deep Sea Water : a review
Herrera, Jorge (Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano)
Sierra, Santiago (Universidad ECCI)
Ibeas, Asier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Telecomunicació i Enginyeria de Sistemes)

Data: 2021
Resum: Research into renewable energy is an active field of research, with photovoltaic and wind being the most representative technologies. A promising renewable energy source is Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), based on the temperature gradient of seawater. This technology has two contradictory features, as its efficiency is relatively low while, on the other hand, its energy source is almost unlimited. OTEC research has focused on optimizing energy extraction, with different techniques having been used for this purpose. This article presents a review of the advances and applications of OTEC technology around the world. Throughout the document, the different uses of deep seawater are analyzed; further, the current systems which generate energy through the marine temperature gradient are reviewed, and the main advantages and disadvantages of each method are highlighted. The technical operations, construction variations, and the projects that have been developed around the world and those which are in the planning phase are also detailed. The two main conclusions are that this technology is still under development, but it is quite promising, especially for regions with little access to drinking water. Second, given the high implementation costs and low conversion efficiency, the development of this technology must be sponsored by governments.
Ajuts: Agencia Estatal de Investigación PCI2019-103376
Nota: Altres ajuts: ERANet17/ERY 0168
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: OTEC ; Marine energy ; Power plant ; Island ; Desalinization ; Deep ocean water
Publicat a: Journal of marine science and engineering, Vol. 9, Núm. 4 (April 2021) , art. 356, ISSN 2077-1312

DOI: 10.3390/jmse9040356

16 p, 1.1 MB

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