Web of Science: 3 cites, Scopus: 3 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Differential Radiosensitizing Effect of 50 nm Gold Nanoparticles in Two Cancer Cell Lines
Pérez-Amor, Miguel Ángel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Barrios, Leonardo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia)
Armengol Rosell, Gemma (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Barquinero, Joan Francesc (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)

Data: 2022
Resum: Radiation therapy is widely used as an anti-neoplastic treatment despite the adverse effects it can cause in non-tumoral tissues. Radiosensitizing agents, which can increase the effect of radiation in tumor cells, such as gold nanoparticles (GNPs), have been described. To evaluate the radiosensitizing effect of 50 nm GNPs, we carried out a series of studies in two neoplastic cell lines, Caco2 (colon adenocarcinoma) and SKBR3 (breast adenocarcinoma), qualitatively evaluating the internalization of the particles, determining with immunofluorescence the number of γ-H2AX foci after irradiation with ionizing radiation (3 Gy) and evaluating the viability rate of both cell lines after treatment by means of an MTT assay. Nanoparticle internalization varied between cell lines, though they both showed higher internalization degrees for functionalized GNPs. The γ-H2AX foci counts for the different times analyzed showed remarkable differences between cell lines, although they were always significantly higher for functionalized GNPs in both lines. Regarding cell viability, in most cases a statistically significant decreasing tendency was observed when treated with GNPs, especially those that were functionalized. Our results led us to conclude that, while 50 nm GNPs induce a clear radiosensitizing effect, it is highly difficult to describe the magnitude of this effect as universal because of the heterogeneity found between cell lines.
Ajuts: Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2017/SGR-0255
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Gold nanoparticles ; Functionalization ; Internalization ; Radiation therapy ; γ-H2AX foci ; Radiosensitization
Publicat a: Biology, Vol. 11, Issue 8 (August 2022) , art. 1193, ISSN 2079-7737

DOI: 10.3390/biology11081193
PMID: 36009820

17 p, 7.0 MB

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 Registre creat el 2022-09-22, darrera modificació el 2023-06-30

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