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Revealing Genomic Insights of the Unexplored Porcine Pathogen Using Whole Genome Sequencing
Guitart-Matas, Judith (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries. Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Gonzalez-Escalona, Narjol (Food and Drug Administration)
Maguire, Meghan (Grup de Sanejament Porcí)
Vilaró, Anna (Grup de Sanejament Porcí)
Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Genètica i de Microbiologia)
Fraile, Lorenzo (Universitat de Lleida. Departament de Ciència Animal)
Migura-Garcia, Lourdes (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries. Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)

Data: 2022
Resum: (APP) is the causative agent of pleuropneumonia in pigs, one of the most relevant bacterial respiratory diseases in the swine industry. To date, 19 serotypes have been described based on capsular polysaccharide typing with significant virulence dissimilarities. In this study, 16 APP isolates from Spanish origin were selected to perform antimicrobial susceptibility tests and comparative genomic analysis using whole genome sequencing (WGS). To obtain a more comprehensive worldwide molecular epidemiologic analyses, all APP whole genome assemblies available at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the time of the study were also included. An in-house in silico PCR approach enabled the correct serotyping of unserotyped or incorrectly serotyped isolates and allowed for the discrimination between serotypes 9 and 11. A pangenome analysis identified the presence or absence of gene clusters to be serotype specific, as well as virulence profile analyses targeting the apx operons. Antimicrobial resistance genes were correlated to the presence of specific plasmids. Altogether, this study provides new insights into the genetic variability within APP serotypes, correlates phenotypic tests with bioinformatic analyses and manifests the benefits of populated databases for a better assessment of diversity and variability of relatively unknown pathogens. Overall, genomic comparative analysis enhances the understanding of transmission and epidemiological patterns of this species and suggests vertical transmission of the pathogen, including the resistance genes, within the Spanish integrated systems. IMPORTANCE Pleuropneumonia is one of the most relevant respiratory infections in the swine industry. Despite (APP) being one of the most important pathogens in the pig production, this is the first comparative study including all available whole genome sequencing data from NCBI. Moreover, this study also includes 16 APP isolates of Spanish origin with known epidemiological relationships through vertical integrated systems. Genomic comparisons provided a deeper understanding of molecular and epidemiological knowledge between different APP serotypes. Furthermore, determination of resistance and toxin profiles allowed correlation with the presence of mobile genetic elements and specific serotype, respectively.
Ajuts: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad RTI2018-095586-B-C22
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Actinobacillus ; Whole genome sequencing ; Swine
Publicat a: Microbiology Spectrum, Vol. 10 (july 2022) , ISSN 2165-0497

DOI: 10.1128/spectrum.01185-22
PMID: 35856711

13 p, 2.3 MB

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 Registre creat el 2022-10-10, darrera modificació el 2023-02-01

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