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Evaluation of γ-H2AX foci distribution among different peripheral blood mononucleated cell subtypes
López Vásquez, Juan Sebastián (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Pujol Canadell, Mònica (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Puig, Pedro (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Matemàtiques)
Armengol Rosell, Gemma (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Barquinero, Joan Francesc (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)

Data: 2023
Resum: Introduction: The detection of γ-H2AX foci in peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) has been incorporated as an early assay for biological dosimetry. However, overdispersion in the γ-H2AX foci distribution is generally reported. In a previous study from our group, it was suggested that overdispersion could be caused by the fact that when evaluating PBMCs, different cell subtypes are analyzed, and that these could differ in their radiosensitivity. This would cause a mixture of different frequencies that would result in the overdispersion observed. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate both the possible differences in the radiosensitivities of the different cell subtypes present in the PBMCs and to evaluate the distribution of γ-H2AX foci in each cell subtype. Materials and methods: Peripheral blood samples from three healthy donors were obtained and total PBMCs, and CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+, and CD56+ cells were separated. Cells were irradiated with 1 and 2 Gy and incubated at 37 °C for1, 2, 4, and 24 h. Sham-irradiated cells were also analyzed. γ-H2AX foci were detected after immunofluorescence staining and analyzed automatically using a Metafer Scanning System. For each condition, 250 nuclei were considered. Results: When the results from each donor were compared, no observable significant differences between donors were observed. When the different cell subtypes were compared, CD8+ cells showed the highest mean of γ-H2AX foci in all post-irradiation time points. The cell type that showed the lowest γ-H2AX foci frequency was CD56+. The frequencies observed in CD4+ and CD19+ cells fluctuated between CD8+ and CD56+ without any clear pattern. For all cell types evaluated, and at all post-irradiation times, overdispersion in γ-H2AX foci distribution was significant. Independent of the cell type evaluated the value of the variance was four times greater than that of the mean. Conclusion: Although different PBMC subsets studied showed different radiation sensitivity, these differences did not explain the overdispersion observed in the γ-H2AX foci distribution after exposure to IR.
Ajuts: Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2017/SGR-0255
Nota: Altres ajuts: Spanish Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear (BOE-A-2019-311)
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió acceptada per publicar
Matèria: Ionizing radiation ; Peripheral mononucleated cells ; γ-H2AX foci distribution
Publicat a: International Journal of Radiation Biology, (March 2023) , ISSN 0955-3002

Dades de recerca relacionades amb l'article:
DOI: 10.1080/09553002.2023.2187480
PMID: 36862979

Disponible a partir de: 2024-03-31

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 Registre creat el 2023-04-26, darrera modificació el 2023-05-15

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