Web of Science: 7 cites, Scopus: 7 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Analysis of synoptic weather patterns of heatwave events
Ventura, Sergi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Miró, Josep Ramon (Servei Meteorològic de Catalunya. Departament de Territori i Sostenibilitat)
Peña, Juan Carlos (Servei Meteorològic de Catalunya. Departament de Territori i Sostenibilitat)
Villalba, Gara (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)

Data: 2023
Resum: Heatwaves (HWs) are expected to increase both in duration and intensity in the next decades, but little is known about their synoptic and mesoscalar behavior, which is especially important in mid-latitude regions. Most climate research has focused on temperature analysis to characterize HWs. We propose that a combination of temperature and synoptic patterns is a better way to define and understand HWs because including atmospheric circulation patterns provides information about different HW structures that can irregularly affect the territory, and illustrate this approach at the regional and urban scales using the Iberian Peninsula and the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona as case studies. We first select HW events from 1950 to 2020 and apply a multivariate analysis to identify synoptic patterns based on mean sea level pressure, geopotential height at 500 hPa, and maximum daily 2 m temperature. The results indicate that four synoptic patterns reproduce at least 50% of the variance in HWs, namely, "stationary andstable", "dynamic and advective", "stationary and advective", and "dynamic, advective and undulated". Next, we apply the analysis to the Representative Concentration Pathway future scenarios (RCPs) 4. 5 and 8. 5 from the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) to determine how these synoptic trends can change in the future. The analysis shows that the four synoptic patterns continue to explain 55 to 60% of the variance in HWs. Future HW events will be characterized by an increase in geopotential height at 500 hPa due to the northward shift of the anticyclonic ridge. This is especially true for RCP8. 5, which simulates business as usual incrementing fossil fuel use and additionally shows an increase in atmospheric dynamism in north advections from all directions in comparison with RCP4. 5. These findings point to the importance of considering the geopotential height in HW prediction, as well as the direction of advections.
Ajuts: European Commission 818002
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca SGR-01412
Agencia Estatal de Investigación 2015-MDM-0552
Nota: Altres ajuts: acords transformatius de la UAB
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu CEX2019-000940-M
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: CORDEX ; ERA5 reanalysis ; Multivariate analysis ; Climatic trends ; Heatwaves
Publicat a: Climate Dynamics, (May 2023) , ISSN 1432-0894

DOI: 10.1007/s00382-023-06828-1
PMID: 37854483

24 p, 4.0 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA) > Sostenibilitat i Prevenció Ambiental (Sostenipra)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2023-05-24, darrera modificació el 2023-10-22

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