Characterization and tectonic implications of Mesozoic-Cenozoic oceanic assemblages of Costa Rica and Western Panama
Denyer, P. (Universidad de Costa Rica. Escuela Centroamericana de Geología)
Baumgartner, P.O. (Université de Lausanne. Institut de Géologie et Paléontologie)
Gazel, E. (Universidad de Costa Rica. Escuela Centroamericana de Geología)

Data: 2006
Resum: The Pacific face of Costa Rica and western Panama has been extensively studied because of the wide occurrence of oceanic assemblages. In Northern Costa Rica, the Santa Elena Nappe made by ultramafic and mafic associations overthrusts the Santa Rosa Accretionary Complex. The Nicoya Complex corresponds to a pre-Campanian oceanic plateau association, cropping out in the Nicoya Peninsula and the outer Herradura Block. The 89 Ma high MgO Tortugal Komatiitic Suite corresponds to 14-km long, 1. 5-km wide body, with no clear relation with to the Nicoya Complex. The Tulín Formation (Maastrichtian to Lower Eocene) forms the main edifice of an accreted ancient oceanic island of the Herradura Block. The Quepos Block was formed by the accretion of a late Cretaceous-Paleocene seamount. In the Osa and Burica peninsulas, Caño Island and Golfito area, a series of Upper Cretaceous to Eocene accreted plateau and seamount blocks crop out. In western Panama, the oceanic assemblages range from Upper Cretaceous to Miocene, and their geochemical signature show their oceanic plateau association. The Costa Rica and western Panama oceanic assemblages correspond to a fragmentary and disrupted Jurassic to Miocene sequences with a very complicated geological and geotectonic history. Their presence could be interpreted as a result of accretionary processes rather than tectonic erosion; despite this last process is nowadays active in the Middle American Trench. The whole picture has not been completed yet, but apparently, most of the igneous rocks have a geochemical signature similar to the Galapagos mantle plume. The later has been acting in pulses, or otherwise the outcropping occurrences could be part of several plateaus somehow diachronically formed in the Pacific basin.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l’obra i la creació d’obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l’obra original i es reconegui l’autoria de l’obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Costa Rica ; Panama ; Oceanic assemblage ; Galapagos ; Basalts ; Gabbros ; Radiolarites ; Peridotites
Publicat a: Geologica acta, Vol. 4, Núm. 1-2 (2006) , p. 219-235, ISSN 1696-5728

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DOI: 10.1344/105.000000367

17 p, 1.4 MB

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