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VtaA8 and VtaA9 from Haemophilus parasuis delay phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages
Costa Hurtado, Mar (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Ballester Devis, Maria (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Galofré Milà, Nuria (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Darji, Ayub (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries)
Aragon, Virginia (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)

Date: 2012
Abstract: Haemophilus parasuis, a member of the family Pasteurellaceae, is a common inhabitant of the upper respiratory tract of healthy pigs and the etiological agent of Glässer's disease. As other virulent Pasteurellaceae, H. parasuis can prevent phagocytosis, but the bacterial factors involved in this virulence mechanism are not known. In order to identify genes involved in phagocytosis resistance, we constructed a genomic library of the highly virulent reference strain Nagasaki and clones were selected by increased survival after incubation with porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM). Two clones containing two virulent-associated trimeric autotransporter (VtaA) genes, vtaA8 and vtaA9, respectively, were selected by this method. A reduction in the interaction of the two clones with the macrophages was detected by flow cytometry. Monoclonal antibodies were produced and used to demonstrate the presence of these proteins on the bacterial surface of the corresponding clone, and on the H. parasuis phagocytosis-resistant strain PC4-6P. The effect of VtaA8 and VtaA9 in the trafficking of the bacteria through the endocytic pathway was examined by fluorescence microscopy and a delay was detected in the localization of the vtaA8 and vtaA9 clones in acidic compartments. These results are compatible with a partial inhibition of the routing of the bacteria via the degradative phagosome. Finally, antibodies against a common epitope in VtaA8 and VtaA9 were opsonic and promoted phagocytosis of the phagocytosis-resistant strain PC4-6P by PAM. Taken together, these results indicate that VtaA8 and VtaA9 are surface proteins that play a role in phagocytosis resistance of H. parasuis.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/AGL2010/15232
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; publishedVersion
Published in: Veterinary research, Vol. 43, Núm. 57 (July 2012) , p. 1-10, ISSN 1297-9716

DOI: 10.1186/1297-9716-43-57
PMID: 22839779

10 p, 1.3 MB

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The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA-IRTA)
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2013-11-12, last modified 2019-08-27

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