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HIV transfer between CD4 T cells does not require LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 and is governed by the interaction of HIV envelope glycoprotein with CD4
Puigdomènech Iñiguez, Isabel (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Massanella Luna, Marta, 1983- (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Izquierdo Useros, Nuria (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Ruiz Hernández, Raúl (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Curriu Martí, Marta (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Bofill Soliguer, Margarita (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Martínez Picado, Francisco Javier (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Juan, Manuel (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Clotet i Sala, Bonaventura (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)
Blanco Arbués, Julià (Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol)

Date: 2008
Abstract: Background: Cell-to-cell HIV transmission requires cellular contacts that may be in part mediated by the integrin leukocyte function antigen (LFA)-1 and its ligands intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, -2 and -3. The role of these molecules in free virus infection of CD4 T cells or in transinfection mediated by dendritic cells (DC) has been previously described. Here, we evaluate their role in viral transmission between different HIV producing cells and primary CD4 T cells. Results: The formation of cellular conjugates and subsequent HIV transmission between productively infected MOLT cell lines and primary CD4 T cells was not inhibited by a panel of blocking antibodies against ICAM-1, ICAM-3 and α and β chains of LFA-1. Complete abrogation of HIV transmission and formation of cellular conjugates was only observed when gp120/CD4 interactions were blocked. The dispensable role of LFA-1 in HIV transmission was confirmed using non-lymphoid 293T cells, lacking the expression of adhesion molecules, as HIV producing cells. Moreover, HIV transmission between infected and uninfected primary CD4 T cells was abrogated by inhibitors of gp120 binding to CD4 but was not inhibited by blocking LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 or ICAM-3. Rather, LFA-1 and ICAM-3 mAbs enhanced HIV transfer. All HIV producing cells (including 293T cells) transferred HIV particles more efficiently to memory than to naive CD4 T cells. Conclusion: In contrast to other mechanisms of viral spread, HIV transmission between infected and uninfected T cells efficiently occurs in the absence of adhesion molecules. Thus, gp120/CD4 interactions are the main driving force of the formation of cellular contacts between infected and uninfected CD4 T cells whereby HIV transmission occurs.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: publishedVersion ; recerca
Published in: Retrovirology, Vol. 5, Núm. 32 (March 2008), p. 1-13

DOI: 10.1186/1742-4690-5-32
PMID: 18377648

13 p, 426.6 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Institut d'Investigació en Ciencies de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2013-12-02, last modified 2019-10-03

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