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On heterogeneous and homogeneous networks in a multilayered reality : clashing interests in the ethnic enclave of Lloret de Mar
Valenzuela García, Hugo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Antropologia Social i Cultural)
Molina, José Luis (Molina González) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Antropologia Social i Cultural)
Lubbers, Miranda Jessica (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Antropologia Social i Cultural)
García Macías, Alejandro (Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes (México))
Pampalona Sala, Judit (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Antropologia Social i Cultural)
Lerner, Juergen (University of Konstanz (German). Algorithmic Group)

Data: 2014
Resum: Over the last decade, the tourist destination of Lloret de Mar (Gerona, Spain) has experienced an increasing concentration of souvenir stores owned by a population of Indian origin. Although Lloret de Mar is already a multicultural spot, Indians represent a small minority in Spain. In order to explain such a remarkable concentration and economic specialization in a low profit sector, we suggest the emergence of an ethnic enclave based on a triple articulation (entrepreneurs, employees and the local community). Our findings provide support for the mixed-embeddedness hypothesis, which contends that ethnic entrepreneurs in Europe need to rely on both the co-ethnic social networks and the linkages with the host society in order to run their business successfully. However, differential degrees of social integration amongst Indians themselves—clearly shown by the composition of their social networks—and between local dwellers and Indians suggest confronting interests amongst social agents in a highly complex and micro-social touristic site undergoing deep economic crisis. Throughout, a mixed-methods approach in the paper reveals the unequal social structure of the enclave, providing a better theoretical understanding of the difficulties and backgrounds in which minority migrant groups develop and expand their social relationships in the “host society”.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Ethnic enclave ; Social integration ; Local conflict ; Personal networks ; Social ties ; Lloret de Mar ; Transnationalism
Publicat a: Societies, Vol. 4, núm. 1 (2014) , p. 85-104, ISSN 2075-4698

DOI: 10.3390/soc4010085

20 p, 740.5 KB

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