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Global configurations of singularities for quadratic differential systems with total finite multiplicity three and at most two real singularities
Artés, Joan Carles (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Matemàtiques)

Llibre, Jaume (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Matemàtiques)

Schlomiuk, Dana (Université de Montréal. Département de Mathématiques et de Statistiques)

Vulpe, Nicolae (Academy of Science of Moldova. Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science)

Date: | 2014 |

Abstract: | In this work we consider the problem of classifying all configurations of singularities, finite and infinite, of quadratic differential systems, with respect to the geometric equivalence relation defined in [2]. This relation is deeper than the topological equivalence relation which does not distinguish between a focus and a node or between a strong and a weak focus or between foci (or saddles) of different orders. Such distinctions are however important in the production of limit cycles close to the foci (or loops) in perturbations of the systems. The notion of geometric equivalence relation of configurations of singularities allows us to incorporate all these important geometric features which can be expressed in purely algebraic terms. This equivalence relation is also deeper than the qualitative equivalence relation introduced in [19]. The geometric classification of all configurations of singularities, finite and infinite, of quadratic systems was initiated in [3] where the classification was done for systems with total multiplicity mf of finite singularities less than or equal to one. That work was continued in [4] where the geometric classification was done for the case mf = 2. The case mf = 3 has been split in two separate papers because of its length. The subclass of three real distinct singular points was done in [5] and we complete this case here. In this article we obtain geometric classification of singularities, finite and infinite, for the remaining three subclasses of quadratic differential systems with mf = 3 namely: (i) systems with a triple singularity (19 configurations); (ii) systems with one double and one simple real singularities (62 configurations) and (iii) systems with one real and two complex singularities (74 configurations). We also give here the global bifurcation diagrams of configurations of singularities, both finite and infinite, with respect to the geometric equivalence relation, for these subclasses of systems. The bifurcation set of this diagram is algebraic. The bifurcation diagram is done in the 12-dimensional space of parameters and it is expressed in terms of invariant polynomials. This provides an algorithm for computing the geometric configuration of singularities for any quadratic system in this class. |

Note: | Agraïments: The third author is supported by NSERC. The fourth author is also supported by the grant 12.839.08.05F from SCSTD of ASM and partially by NSERC. |

Note: | Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MTM2008-03437 |

Note: | Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014/SGR-568 |

Note: | Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/2012/318999 |

Note: | Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/2012/316338 |

Rights: | Tots els drets reservats. |

Language: | Anglès |

Document: | article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion |

Subject: | Quadratic vector fields ; Infinite and finite singularities ; Affine invariant polynomials ; Poincaré compactification ; Configuration of singularities ; Geometric equivalence relation |

Published in: | Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Vol. 13 (2014) , p. 305-351, ISSN 1662-3592 |

DOI: 10.1007/s12346-014-0119-7

Postprint 35 p, 1.6 MB |

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Record created 2016-05-06, last modified 2020-08-16