Web of Science: 3 citations, Scopus: 3 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Industrial and agricultural wastes decreased greenhouse-gas emissions and increased rice grain yield in a subtropical paddy field
Wang, Weiqi (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography)
Zeng, Congshenz (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography)
Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Zeng, Dongping (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography)
Wang, Chun (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography)
Bartrons Vilamala, Mireia (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Date: 2017
Abstract: Reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from paddy fields is crucial both for the sustainability of rice production and mitigation of global climatic warming. The effects of applying industrial and agricultural wastes as fertilizer on the reduction of GHG emissions in cropland areas, however, remain poorly known. We studied the effects of the application of 8 Mg ha⁻¹ of diverse wastes on GHG emission and rice yield in a subtropical paddy in southeastern China. Plots fertilized with steel slag, biochar, shell slag, gypsum slag and silicate and calcium fertilizer had lower total global-warming potentials (GWP, including CO₂, CH₄ and N₂O emissions) per unit area than control plots without waste application despite non-significant differences among these treatments. Structural equation models showed that the effects of these fertilization treatments on gas emissions were partially due to their effects on soil variables, such as soil water content or soil salinity. Steel slag, biochar and shell slag increased rice yield by 7. 1%, 15. 5% and 6. 5%, respectively. The biochar amendment had a 40% lower GWP by Mg⁻¹ yield production, relative to the control. These results thus encourage further studies of the suitability of the use waste materials as fertilizers in other different types of paddy field as a way to mitigate GHG emissions and increase crop yield.
Note: Imbalance P paper. Contact with Jordi Sardans: j.sardans@creaf.uab.cat
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2013-48074-P
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014/SGR-274
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: CH4 flux ; Climate change ; CO2 flux ; Crop yield ; Biochar ; Gypsum slag ; N2O 40 flux ; Paddy field ; Pollution ; Shell slag ; Silicate and calcium fertilizer ; Steel slag
Published in: Experimental agriculture, Vol. 54, issue 4 (Aug. 2018) , p. 623-640, ISSN 0014-4797

DOI: 10.1017/S001447971700031X


Post-print
57 p, 1.7 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-09-25, last modified 2019-02-11



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