Web of Science: 38 cites, Scopus: 41 cites, Google Scholar: cites
The compensatory dynamic of inter-hemispheric interactions in visuospatial attention revealed using rTMS and fMRI
Plow, Ela B. (Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Harvard Medical School)
Cattaneo, Zaira (C. Mondino National Neurological Institute. Brain Connectivity Center)
Carlson, Thomas A. (Harvard University. Department of Psychology)
Alvarez, George A. (Harvard University. Department of Psychology)
Pascual Leone, Alvaro (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Institut Guttmann)
Battelli, Lorella (Center for Neuroscience and Cognitive Systems@UniTn, Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)

Data: 2014
Resum: A balance of mutual tonic inhibition between bi-hemispheric posterior parietal cortices is believed to play an important role in bilateral visual attention. However, experimental support for this notion has been mainly drawn from clinical models of unilateral damage. We have previously shown that low-frequency repetitive TMS (rTMS) over the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) generates a contralateral attentional deficit in bilateral visual tracking. Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study whether rTMS temporarily disrupts the inter-hemispheric balance between bilateral IPS in visual attention. Following application of 1 Hz rTMS over the left IPS, subjects performed a bilateral visual tracking task while their brain activity was recorded using fMRI. Behaviorally, tracking accuracy was reduced immediately following rTMS. Areas ventro-lateral to left IPS, including inferior parietal lobule (IPL), lateral IPS (LIPS), and middle occipital gyrus (MoG), showed decreased activity following rTMS, while dorsomedial areas, such as Superior Parietal Lobule (SPL), Superior occipital gyrus (SoG), and lingual gyrus, as well as middle temporal areas (MT+), showed higher activity. The brain activity of the homologues of these regions in the un-stimulated, right hemisphere was reversed. Interestingly, the evolution of network-wide activation related to attentional behavior following rTMS showed that activation of most occipital synergists adaptively compensated for contralateral and ipsilateral decrement after rTMS, while activation of parietal synergists, and SoG remained competing. This pattern of ipsilateral and contralateral activations empirically supports the hypothesized loss of inter-hemispheric balance that underlies clinical manifestation of visual attentional extinction.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Visual extinction ; Inter-hemispheric interaction ; Visuospatial attention ; TMS ; FMRI
Publicat a: Frontiers in human neuroscience, Vol. 8 (april 2014) , ISSN 1662-5161

DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00226
PMID: 24860462

12 p, 1.8 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut d'Investigació en Ciencies de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP)
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 Registre creat el 2018-01-29, darrera modificació el 2021-08-08

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