The large mean body size of mammalian herbivores explains the productivity paradox during the last glacial maximum
Zhu, Dan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement)
Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement)
Chang, Jinfeng (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement)
Krinner, Gerhard (Université Grenoble Alpes. Institut de Géosciences de l’Environnement)
Peng, Shushi (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science)
Viovy, Nicolas (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement)
Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Zimov, Sergey (Tikhookeanskiĭ institut geografii (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk))

Data: 2018
Resum: Large herbivores are a major agent in ecosystems, influencing vegetation structure, and carbon and nutrient flows. During the last glacial period, a mammoth steppe ecosystem prevailed in the unglaciated northern lands, supporting a high diversity and density of megafaunal herbivores. The apparent discrepancy between abundant megafauna and the expected low vegetation productivity under a generally harsher climate with a lower CO₂ concentration, termed the productivity paradox, requires large-scale quantitative analysis using process-based ecosystem models. However, most of the current global dynamic vegetation models (DGVMs) lack explicit representation of large herbivores. Here we incorporated a grazing module in a DGVM based on physiological and demographic equations for wild large grazers, taking into account feedbacks of large grazers on vegetation. The model was applied globally for present-day and the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The present-day results of potential grazer biomass, combined with an empirical land-use map, infer a reduction in wild grazer biomass by 79–93% owing to anthropogenic land replacement of natural grasslands. For the LGM, we find that the larger mean body size of mammalian herbivores than today is the crucial clue to explain the productivity paradox, due to a more efficient exploitation of grass production by grazers with a large body size.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Carbon cycle ; Ecological modelling ; Palaeoecology
Publicat a: Nature ecology and evolution, Vol. 2, issue 4 (April 2018) , p. 640–649, ISSN 2397-334X

DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0481-y
PMID: 29483680

Disponible a partir de: 2018-09-30

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
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 Registre creat el 2018-04-25, darrera modificació el 2018-05-07

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