Web of Science: 17 cites, Scopus: 18 cites, Google Scholar: cites
GHG emissions during the high-rate production of compost using standard and advanced aeration strategies
Puyuelo Sánchez, Belén (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Gea Leiva, Teresa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Sánchez Ferrer, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)

Data: 2014
Resum: In this study, we have evaluated different strategies for the optimization of the aeration during the active thermophilic stage of the composting process of source-selected Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (or biowaste) using reactors at bench scale (50 L). These strategies include: typical cyclic aeration, oxygen feedback controller and a new self-developed controller based on the on-line maximization of the oxygen uptake rate (OUR) during the process. Results highlight differences found in the emission of most representative greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted from composting (methane and nitrous oxide) as well as in gases typically related to composting odor problems (ammonia as typical example). Specifically, the cyclic controller presents emissions that can double that of OUR controller, whereas oxygen feedback controller shows a better performance with respect to the cyclic controller. A new parameter, the respiration index efficiency, is presented to quantitatively evaluate the GHG emissions and, in consequence, the main negative environmental impact of the composting process. Other aspects such as the stability of the compost produced and the consumption of resources are also evaluated for each controller.
Ajuts: MINECO/CTM 2012-33663
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió sotmesa a revisió
Matèria: Composting ; Aeration control ; Oxygen uptake rate ; Greenhouse gases emissions ; Respiration efficiency
Publicat a: Chemosphere, Vol. 109 (Aug. 2014) , p. 64-70, ISSN 1879-1298

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.060


Preprint
31 p, 535.1 KB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Enginyeries > Grup de Recerca en Compostatge (GICOM)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2018-10-02, darrera modificació el 2021-08-08



   Favorit i Compartir