Web of Science: 4 citations, Scopus: 6 citations, Google Scholar: citations
Romanian wild boars and Mangalitza pigs have a European ancestry and harbour genetic signatures compatible with past population bottlenecks
Manunza, Arianna (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Amills i Eras, Marcel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)
Noce, Antonia (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Cabrera Pane, Betlem (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Zidi, Ali (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Eghbalsaied, Shahin (Islamic Azad University (Isfahan, Iran). Department of Animal Science)
Carrillo de Albornoz, Eva (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Portell Vidal, Mariona (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Mercadé Carceller, Anna (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)
Sánchez Bonastre, Armando (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)
Balteanu, Valentin Adrian (University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine)

Date: 2016
Abstract: We aimed to analyse the genetic diversity of Romanian wild boars and to compare it with that from other wild boar and pig populations from Europe and Asia. Partial sequencing of the mitochondrial encoded cytochrome b (MT-CYB) gene from 36 Romanian wild boars and 36 domestic pigs (Mangalitza, Bazna and Vietnamese breeds) showed that the diversity of Romanian wild boars and Mangalitza pigs is fairly reduced, and that most of the members of these two populations share a common MT-CYB haplotype. Besides, in strong contrast with the Bazna animals, Romanian wild boars and Mangalitza swine did not carry Asian variants at the MT-CYB locus. The autosomal genotyping of 18 Romanian wild boars with the Illumina Porcine SNP60 BeadChip revealed that their genetic background is fundamentally European, even though signs of a potential Near Eastern ancestry (∼25%) were detectable at K = 4 (the most significant number of clusters), but not at higher K-values. Admixture analysis also showed that two wild boars are of a hybrid origin, which could be explained by the mating of feral animals with domestic pigs. Finally, a number of Romanian wild boars displayed long runs of homozygosity, an observation that is consistent with the occurrence of past population bottlenecks and the raise of inbreeding possibly due to overhunting or to the outbreak of infectious diseases.
Note: Altres ajuts: European Social Fund, Human Resources Development Operational Program 2007-2013, project no. POSDRU/159/1.5/S/132765
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/AGL2013-48742-C2-1-R
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/SEV-2015-0533
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Animals ; Genetic Variation ; Genetics, Population ; Genome ; Heterozygote ; Homozygote ; Mitochondria ; Phylogeny ; Romania ; Sus scrofa
Published in: Scientific reports, Vol. 6 (July 2016) , art. 29913, ISSN 2045-2322

DOI: 10.1038/srep29913
PMID: 27418428

9 p, 905.1 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CRAG (Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-04-03, last modified 2020-12-11

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