Web of Science: 6 cites, Scopus: 6 cites, Google Scholar: cites
Dexamethasone Reduces the Foreign Body Reaction to Intraneural Electrode Implants in the Peripheral Nerve of the Rat
de la Oliva, Natàlia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Navarro, Xavier (Xavier) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Del Valle, Jaume (Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia)

Data: 2018
Resum: Intraneural electrodes must be in intimate contact with nerve fibers to have a proper function, but this interface is compromised due to the foreign body reaction (FBR). The FBR is characterized by a first inflammatory phase followed by a second anti-inflammatory and fibrotic phase, which results in the formation of a tissue capsule around the implant, causing physical separation between the active sites of the electrode and the nerve fibers. We have tested systemically several anti-inflammatory drugs such as dexamethasone (subcutaneous), ibuprofen and maraviroc (oral) to reduce macrophage activation, as well as clodronate liposomes (intraperitoneal) to reduce monocyte/macrophage infiltration, and sildenafil (oral) as an antifibrotic drug to reduce collagen deposition in an FBR model with longitudinal Parylene C intraneural implants in the rat sciatic nerve. Treatment with dexamethasone, ibuprofen, or clodronate significantly reduced the inflammatory reaction in the nerve in comparison to the saline group after 2 weeks of the implant, whereas sildenafil and maraviroc had no effect on infiltration of macrophages in the nerve. However, only dexamethasone was able to significantly reduce the matrix deposition around the implant. Similar positive results were obtained with dexamethasone in the case of polyimide-based intraneural implants, another polymer substrate for the electrode. These results indicate that inflammation triggers the FBR in peripheral nerves, and that anti-inflammatory treatment with dexamethasone may have beneficial effects on lengthening intraneural interface functionality.
Ajuts: MINECO/SEV-2013-0295
Instituto de Salud Carlos III CB06-05-1105
Instituto de Salud Carlos III RD12-0019-0011
European Commission 611687
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió sotmesa a revisió
Matèria: Dexamethasone ; Foreign body reaction ; Intraneural electrodes ; Polyimide ; Parylene C
Publicat a: The anatomical record, Vol. 301, Issue 10 (October 2018) , p. 1722-1733, ISSN 1932-8494

DOI: 10.1002/ar.23920


Preprint
26 p, 1.4 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (ICN2)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2019-10-21, darrera modificació el 2021-08-01



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