Web of Science: 4 cites, Scopus: 5 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
A new beaked whale record from the upper Miocene of Menorca, Balearic Islands, based on CT-scan analysis of limestone slabs
Bianucci, Giovanni (Università di Pisa. Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra)
Llácer, Sergio (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Quintana Cardona, Josep (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Collareta, Alberto (Università di Pisa. Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra)
Rodríguez Florit, Agustí (Geoservei)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Data: 2019
Resum: The finding of significant vertebrate remains inside commercial stone blocks is relatively rare. Here we describe a fossil cetacean skull discovered inside two slabs cut from a limestone block of Tortonian (i. e. , early late Miocene) age from Menorca (Balearic Islands, Spain); this find represents the third record of a fossil cetacean from this island, as well as the best preserved. Unlike similar cases in the past, the Menorca skull was not extracted mechanically from the stone matrix, being rather imaged by means of computed tomography. The resulting 3D reconstruction of the skull allows us to refer the studied skull to the extant odontocete family Ziphiidae (beaked whales) and sheds light on the morphology of very delicate structures (e. g. , the thin pterygoid hamuli and the mesorostral cartilage) that would likely have been destroyed during traditional mechanical preparation. This non-invasive investigation permits detailed osteo-anatomical comparisons between the Menorca specimen and other extinct ziphiids, leading to the referral of the former to the stem beaked whale Messapicetus cf. longirostris. We then review the geographic distribution of fossil remains of Messapicetus, which include other occurrences from Tortonian shelf deposits of southeastern Italy, southern Peru, and Maryland (eastern USA). Early branching beaked whales (including basal members of the so-called "Messapicetus clade") likely dispersed via the Central American Seaway, which allowed a direct communication between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans (including the Mediterranean cul-de-sac) throughout the Miocene.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Mammalia ; Cetacea ; Ziphiidae ; Messapicetus ; Palaeobiogeography ; Neogene ; Mediterranean ; Spain
Publicat a: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol. 64, Issue 2 (2019) , p. 291-302, ISSN 1732-2421

DOI: 10.4202/app.00593.2019

12 p, 1.3 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2019-11-27, darrera modificació el 2022-11-12

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