Web of Science: 13 citations, Scopus: 15 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Discovering putative prion-like proteins in Plasmodium falciparum : a computational and experimental analysis
Pallarès i Goitiz, Irantzu (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular)
Sánchez de Groot, Natalia (Centre de Regulació Genòmica)
Iglesias, Valentin (Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasí")
Sant'Anna, Ricardo (Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasí")
Biosca, Arnau (Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya)
Fernàndez Busquets, Xavier (Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya)
Ventura, Salvador (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Bioquímica i de Biologia Molecular)

Date: 2018
Abstract: Prions are a singular subset of proteins able to switch between a soluble conformation and a self-perpetuating amyloid state. Traditionally associated with neurodegenerative diseases, increasing evidence indicates that organisms exploit prion-like mechanisms for beneficial purposes. The ability to transit between conformations is encoded in the so-called prion domains, long disordered regions usually enriched in glutamine/asparagine residues. Interestingly, Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes the most virulent form of malaria, is exceptionally rich in proteins bearing long Q/N-rich sequence stretches, accounting for roughly 30% of the proteome. This biased composition suggests that these protein regions might correspond to prion-like domains (PrLDs) and potentially form amyloid assemblies. To investigate this possibility, we performed a stringent computational survey for Q/N-rich PrLDs on P. falciparum. Our data indicate that ~10% of P. falciparum protein sequences have prionic signatures, and that this subproteome is enriched in regulatory proteins, such as transcription factors and RNA-binding proteins. Furthermore, we experimentally demonstrate for several of the identified PrLDs that, despite their disordered nature, they contain inner short sequences able to spontaneously self-assemble into amyloid-like structures. Although the ability of these sequences to nucleate the conformational conversion of the respective full-length proteins should still be demonstrated, our analysis suggests that, as previously described for other organisms, prion-like proteins might also play a functional role in P. falciparum.
Note: Altres ajuts: ICREA, ICREA ACADEMIA 2015 to SV
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/BIO2016-78310-R
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/BIO2014-52872-R
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Plasmodium ; Protein aggregation ; Amyloid ; Prion ; Q/N-rich sequences ; Protein disorder
Published in: Frontiers in microbiology, Vol. 9 (Aug. 2018) , art. 1737, ISSN 1664-302X

DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01737
PMID: 30131778

13 p, 5.2 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina (IBB)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2020-06-22, last modified 2020-08-02

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