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Testing the intermediary role of perceived stress in the relationship between mindfulness and burnout subtypes in a large sample of Spanish university students
Martínez-Rubio, David (Psicoforma Integral Psychology Center)
Sanabria-Mazo, Juan P. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Feliu-Soler, Albert (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Colomer-Carbonell, Ariadna (Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu)
Martínez-Brotóns, Cristina (Psicoforma Integral Psychology Center)
Solé, Silvia (Universitat de Lleida)
Escamilla, Cristina (Universitat Europea de València. Departament de Psicologia)
Giménez-Fita, Elisa (Universitat Europea de València. Departament de Psicologia)
Moreno, Yolanda (Universitat Catòlica de València. Departament de Ciències Bàsiques)
Pérez-Aranda, Adrián (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Luciano, Juan V. (Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu)
Montero-Marín, Jesús (University of Oxford. Department of Psychiatry)

Data: 2020
Resum: The burnout syndrome is the consequence of chronic stress that overwhelms an individual's resources to cope with occupational or academic demands. Frenetic, under-challenged, and worn-out are different burnout subtypes. Mindfulness has been recognized to reduce stress, comprising five facets (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience). This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between mindfulness facets, perceived stress, and burnout subtypes in a sample of 1233 students of Education, Nursing, and Psychology degrees from different universities of Valencia (Spain). Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was computed showing an adequate fit (Chi-square, CFI, TLI, RMSEA, and SRMR). Four mindfulness facets (all but observing) significantly correlated with general second-order mindfulness. Unexpected results were found: Acting with awareness facet was positively associated with frenetic subtype, while the non-reacting facet was positively associated with frenetic and under-challenged subtype. Ultimately, mindfulness facets negatively predicted the perceived stress levels, which in turn, predicted burnout. However, mindfulness plays different roles in the early stages of burnout syndrome (i. e. , frenetic and under-challenged).
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Burnout ; Mindfulness ; Stress ; Mental health ; Students ; University ; Structural equation model ; Cross-sectional study
Publicat a: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 17, núm. 19 (2020) , p. e7013, ISSN 1660-4601

DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17197013
PMID: 32992782

16 p, 831.8 KB

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