Scopus: 24 cites, Google Scholar: cites
Glycemic index of cracked corn, oat groats and rolled barley in horses
José Cunilleras, Eduard (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals)
Hinchcliff, K. W. (The Ohio State University. Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences)
Taylor, L. E. (The Ohio State University. Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences)

Data: 2004
Resum: Muscle glycogen synthesis depends on glucose availability. This study was undertaken to determine the glycemic and insulinemic response of horses to equal amounts of hydrolyzable carbohydrates (starch and sugar) in the form of one of three grain meals or intragastric administration of a glucose solution. In a randomized crossover design, seven horses were fed each of three grain meals (cracked corn, steamed oat groats, or rolled barley) or were infused intragastrically with glucose solution at 2 g of hydrolyzable carbohydrate (starch plus sugar) per kilogram of BW. The quantity of hydrolyzable carbohydrate ingested was not different among all treatments (P = 0. 70). Plasma glucose concentration peaked in all four treatments by 1. 5 to 2 h after feeding. Plasma glucose concentration remained higher than baseline in oat groats or barley-fed horses throughout 8 h, whereas plasma glucose returned to baseline by 5 to 6 h in corn-fed horses or after glucose administration. Meal consumption was slower in oat groats-fed horses than in corn-fed ones, which may confound the glycemic and insulinemic responses observed after grain feeding. Plasma glucose area under the curve (AUC) was 63% both in corn and oat groats and 57% in barley-fed horses compared with that of horses administered glucose (P = 0. 13). Serum immunoreactive insulin concentration peaked between 2 and 3 h after feeding or glucose administration, and barley-fed horses had lower serum immunoreactive insulin concentration by 3 to 4 h than corn-fed horses or after glucose administration (P < 0. 05). We conclude, in horses, ingestion of oat groats, corn, and barley result in similar plasma glucose AUC and, compared with the glycemic index of 100 as the glucose reference, corn, oat groats, and barley had a glycemic index of approximately 60.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Cavalls ; Nutrició ; Feed grains ; Glucose ; Horses ; Starch
Publicat a: Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 82 Núm. 9 (2004) , p. 2623, ISSN 1525-3163

DOI: 10.2527/2004.8292623x
PMID: 15446479


7 p, 1.7 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2021-01-28, darrera modificació el 2021-08-01



   Favorit i Compartir