Web of Science: 14 cites, Scopus: 15 cites, Google Scholar: cites
Highly sensitive reflective-mode phase-variation permittivity sensors using coupled line sections
Casacuberta Orta, Pau (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Vélez Rasero, Paris (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Muñoz Enano, Jonathan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Su, Lijuan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Martín, Ferran (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)

Data: 2023
Resum: Highly sensitive permittivity sensors operating in reflection and exploiting phase variation are presented in this article. The sensors are one-port structures implemented by means of a pair of coupled lines, the sensitive region, with an appropriate termination. In particular, it is demonstrated that by either short-circuiting the crossed port to the input port of the device (opening the remaining two ports), or opening the crossed port to the input port (terminating the other two ports with a short-circuit), the sensitivity can be driven to very high values, controlled by the coupling factor. For that purpose, the electrical length of the pair of coupled lines must be set to 90° when such lines are loaded with the reference (REF) material. Thus, the sensitivity is optimized for dielectric constants (the input variable) in the vicinity of the dielectric constant of the REF material, where the indicated phase condition is fulfilled. The output variable is the phase of the reflection coefficient, an easily measurable quantity. For validation purposes, three prototype sensors are designed and fabricated. The achieved sensitivities in two of the fabricated sensors are as high as 659. 6° and 736. 0°, with figures of merit (FoMs), or ratio between the maximum sensitivity and the area of the sensing region expressed in terms of the squared-wavelength, of FoM =9401∘/λ2 and 12690°/ λ , respectively, i. e. , very competitive values. Moreover, the indicated high sensitivities and FoMs have been achieved without the need to add further circuit stages to the sensing region, contrarily to other highly sensitive phase-variation sensors, where sensitivity optimization is achieved at the expense of an increase in the overall sensor size.
Ajuts: Agencia Estatal de Investigación PDC2021-121085-I00
Agencia Estatal de Investigación FPU20/05700
Agencia Estatal de Investigación PID2019-103904RB-I00
Agencia Estatal de Investigación IJC2019-040786-I
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2017/SGR-1159
Nota: Altres ajuts: the work of Ferran Martín was supported by the Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió acceptada per publicar
Matèria: Coupled lines ; Dielectric characterization ; Microstrip ; Microwave sensor ; Phase-variation sensor ; Reflective-mode sensor
Publicat a: IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques, Vol. 71, issue 7 (Jul. 2023) , p. 2970-2984, ISSN 0018-9480

DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2023.3234272

Disponible a partir de: 2025-07-30

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Enginyeries > CIMITEC-UAB
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2023-07-11, darrera modificació el 2023-10-17

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