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An inner automorphism is only an inner automorphism, but an inner endomorphism can be something strange
Bergman, George M.

Data: 2012
Resum: The inner automorphisms of a group G can be characterized within the category of groups without reference to group elements: they are precisely those au-tomorphisms of G that can be extended, in a functorial manner, to all groups H given with homomorphisms G ! H: (Precise statement in x1. ) The group of such extended systems of automorphisms, unlike the group of inner automorphisms of G itself, is always isomorphic to G: A similar characterization holds for inner automorphisms of an associative algebra R over a eld K; here the group of functorial systems of automorphisms is isomorphic to the group of units of R modulo the units of K: If one looks at the above functorial extendibility property for endomorphisms, rather than just automorphisms, then in the group case, the only additional example is the trivial endomorphism; but in the K-algebra case, a construction unfamiliar to ring theorists, but known to functional analysts, also arises. Systems of endomorphisms with the same functoriality property are examined in some other categories; other uses of the phrase \inner endomorphism" in the literature, some overlapping the one introduced here, are noted; the concept of an inner derivation of an associative or Lie algebra is looked at from the same point of view, and the dual concept of a \co-inner" endomorphism is briey examined. Several open questions are noted.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Group ; Associative algebra ; Lie algebra ; Inner automorphism ; Inner en-domorphism ; Inner derivation ; Comma category
Publicat a: Publicacions matemàtiques, Vol. 56, Núm. 1 ( 2012) , p. 91-126, ISSN 0214-1493

Adreça original:
DOI: 10.5565/PUBLMAT_56112_04
DOI: 10.5565/248360

36 p, 471.6 KB

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