Prepublicacions
Recull de documents que sintetitzen una recerca original sobre un tema concret dins d’una matèria o camp d’estudi, amb el propòsit d’informar sobre l’estat de la recerca. Ajuden a descobrir noves idees i conceptes i a perfilar línies de recerca. Destaquen els del Centre de Recerca Matemàtica.
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2024-03-18
10:29
15 p, 2.4 MB Air pollution weakens global spring greening / Wu, Chaoyang (Chinese Academy of Sciences) ; Hua, Hao (Chinese Academy of Sciences) ; Wang, Jian (The Ohio State University) ; Dong, Lingwen (Chinese Academy of Sciences) ; Zohner, Constantin (ETH Zurich) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Wang, Yunqi (Beijing Forestry University) ; Zhou, Yuyu (The University of Hong Kong) ; Peng, Shushi (Peking University) ; Zhu, Zaichun (Peking University) ; Wei, Jing (University of Maryland) ; Yuan, Wenping (Chinese Academy of Sciences) ; Chen, Xiuzhi (Sun Yat-sen University) ; Chen, Lei (Sichuan University) ; Fu, Yongshuo (Beijing Normal University) ; Li, Jialing (Nanjing University) ; Ju, Weimin (Nanjing University) ; Zhou, Yanlian (Nanjing University) ; Liang, Dan (Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ; Friedlingstein, Pierre (University of Exeter) ; Sitch, Stephen (University of Exeter) ; Guo, Yuming (Monash University) ; Ge, Quansheng (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Climate change is causing widespread land surface greening in spring1-4, but the impacts of anthropogenic air pollution on these changes remain poorly understood. Using global ground and satellite observations of fine particulate matter ≤ 2. [...]
2024 - 10.21203/rs.3.rs-3868370/v1  
2024-03-07
16:13
33 p, 7.3 MB Land-use impacts on plant functional diversity throughout Europe / Rosa, Francesca (Institute of Environmental Engineering) ; van Bodegom, Peter (Leiden University. Institute of Environmental Sciences) ; Hellweg, Stefanie (Institute of Environmental Engineering) ; Pfister, Stephan (Institute of Environmental Engineering) ; Biurrun, Idoia (Universidad del País Vasco. Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología) ; Boch, Steffen (WSL Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research) ; Chytrý, Milan (Masaryk University. Department of Botany and Zoology) ; Ćušterevska, Renata (Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics) ; Dalle Fratte, Michele (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Damasceno, Gabriella (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)) ; Garbolino, Emmanuel (Institut Supérieur d'Ingénierie et de Gestion de l'Environnement) ; Lenoir, Jonathan (Université de Picardie Jules Verne) ; Ozinga, Wim (Wageningen University & Research) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sabatini, Francesco Maria (University of Bologna. Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences) ; Schrodt, Franziska (University of Nottingham. School of Geography) ; Uogintas, Domas (Nature Research Centre (Lithuania)) ; Byun, Chaeho (University of the Andes. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering) ; Doležal, Jiří (University of South Bohemia. Department of Botany, Faculty of Science) ; Dziuba, Tetiana (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Department of Geobotany and Ecology) ; Hérault, Bruno (Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement) ; Martín-Forés, Irene (The University of Adelaide. Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology) ; Niinemets, Ülo (Estonian University of Life Sciences) ; Peyre, Gwendolyn (University of the Andes. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering) ; Scherer, Laura (Leiden University. Institute of Environmental Sciences)
The global biodiversity loss resulting from anthropogenic land-use activities is a pressing concern, requiring precise assessments of impacts at large spatial extents. Existing models primarily focus on quantifying impacts on species richness and abundance, often overlooking the ecological relevance of species traits and their contributions to ecosystem functioning. [...]
2024 - 10.1101/2024.02.21.580945  
2024-02-28
05:39
22 p, 682.3 KB Still standing for elections? Political externalities and the determinants of party entry decisions / Guinjoan, Marc (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Política i de Dret Públic)
According to the Duvergerian theories, only political parties expecting to achieve representation are predicted to stand for elections alone in the long run. However, the empirical evidence shows that throughout the world parties continue presenting candidacies when they are non-viable, thus calling into question Duverger. [...]  
2024-02-13
18:05
19 p, 340.4 KB Translating code-switching and L3. Stieg Larsson's Män som hatar kvinnor in German, French, Italian, Portuguese, English, Catalan and Spanish / Molina, Lucía (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) ; Santamaria, Laura (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
The objective of this article is to analyse a translated text's willingness or reluctance to maintain code-switching present in the original text. To that end, we use a corpus comprising Män som hatar kvinnor, the first novel in the Millennium trilogy, and its German, French, Italian, Portuguese, English, Catalan and Spanish translations. [...]
2023  
2024-02-02
16:24
7 p, 145.6 KB Gabor orthonormal bases, tiling and periodicity / Debernardi Pinos, Alberto (University of Aveiro. Department of Mathematics) ; Lev, Nir (Bar-Ilan University. Department of Mathematics)
We show that if a Gabor system is an orthonormal basis in for square-summable functions in the real line, and if the window function is compactly supported, then both the time and frequency shift sets must be periodic. [...]
2022 - 10.48550/arXiv.2109.02240  
2024-01-26
16:38
30 p, 2.3 MB Relationship among soil biophysicochemical properties, agricultural practices and climate factors influencing soil phosphatase activity in agricultural land / Campdelacreu Rocabruna, Patricia (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Domene, Xavier (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Preece, Catherine (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries)
Phosphorus (P) is a vital macronutrient crucial for crop productivity. Plants absorb P salts, mainly orthophosphate, from soil, yet the primary P source resides in organic materials. Soil phosphomonoesterases (APases) play a vital role in releasing P from organics via hydrolysis. [...]
2024 - 10.20944/preprints202401.1494.v1  
2024-01-16
14:45
58 p, 4.1 MB Intercomparison of global foliar trait maps reveals fundamental differences and limitations of upscaling approaches / Dechant, Benjamin (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Alemanya)) ; Kattge, Jens (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Pavlick, Ryan (California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Laboratory) ; Schneider, Fabian D. (California Institute of Technology. Jet Propulsion Laboratory) ; Sabatini, Francesco Maria (Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dipartimento di Scienze biologiche, geologiche e ambientali) ; Moreno-Martinez, Alvaro (Universitat de València. Laboratori de Processament d'Imatges) ; Butler, Ethan E. (University of Minnesota. Department of Forest Resources) ; van Bodegom, Peter M. (Leiden University. Institute of Environmental Sciences) ; Vallicrosa Pou, Helena (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Kattenborn, Teja (University of Freiburg. Department for Sensor-based Geoinformatics) ; Boonman, Coline C.F. (Aarhus University. Department of Biology) ; Madani, Nima (University of California. Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering) ; Wright, Ian J. (Western Sydney University. Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment) ; Dong, Ning (Macquarie University. Department of Biological Sciences) ; Feilhauer, Hannes (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Aguirre-Gutierrez, Jesus (University of Oxford. Environmental Change Institute) ; Reich, Peter B. (University of Michigan. Institute for Global Change Biology) ; Leitão, Pedro J. (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) ; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine (University of Minnesota. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior) ; Myers-Smith, Isla H. (University of Edinburgh. School of GeoSciences) ; Duran, Sandra M. (Colorado State University. Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship) ; Croft, Holly (University of Sheffield. School of Biosciences) ; Prentice, I. Colin (Imperial College London. Georgina Mace Centre for the Living Planet) ; Huth, Andreas (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) ; Rebe, Karin (Utrecht University. Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development) ; Zaehle, Sönke (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Simova, Irena (Charles University. Center for Theoretical Study) ; Diaz, Sandra (Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales) ; Reichstein, Markus (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Schiller, Christopher (Free University Berlin. Institute of Geographical Sciences) ; Bruelheide, Helge (Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. Institute of Biology, Geobotany and Botanical Garden) ; Mahecha, Miguel (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) ; Wirth, Christian (Leipzig University. Institute of Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity) ; Malhi, Yadvinder (University of Oxford. Environmental Change Institute) ; Townsend, Philip A. (University of Wisconsin)
Foliar traits such as specific leaf area (SLA), leaf nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations play an important role in plant economic strategies and ecosystem functioning. Various global maps of these foliar traits have been generated using statistical upscaling approaches based on in-situ trait observations. [...]
2023 - 10.31223/X58S97  
2024-01-15
16:15
88 p, 5.5 MB The Cultural ecohydrogeology of Mediterranean-climate cprings : a global review with case studies / Pascual, Roger (Societat Catalana de Ciències per a la Conservació de la Biodiversitat) ; Piana, Lucia (Università di Bologna. Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali) ; Bhat, Sami Ullah (University of Kashmir. Department of Environmental Science) ; Fidel Castro, Pedro (Universitat de les Illes Balears) ; Corbera, Jordi (Institució Catalana d'Història Natural. Delegació de la Serralada Litoral Central) ; Cummings, Dion (University of Western Australia) ; Delgado, Cristina (Universidade de Vigo. Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal) ; Eades, Eugene (University of Western Australia) ; Fensham, Roderick J. (The University of Queensland. School of Biological Sciences) ; Fernández-Martínez, Marcos (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ferreira, Verónica (Universidade de Coimbra. Centro de Ciências do Mar e do Ambiente) ; Filippini, Maria (Università di Bologna. Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali) ; García Pérez, Guillermo (Societat Catalana de Ciències per a la Conservació de la Biodiversitat) ; Gargini, Alessandro (Università di Bologna. Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali) ; Hopper, Stephen D. (University of Western Australia. School of Biological Sciences) ; Knapp, Lynette (University of Western Australia) ; Lewis, Ian D. (Austràlia Meridional. Department for Environment and Water) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Preece, Catherine (Institut d'Investigació i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries) ; Resh, Vincent H. (University of California. Department of Environmental Science, Policy & Management) ; Romero, Estela (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Samraoui, Boudjéma (University of Annaba. Department of Biology) ; Samraoui, Farrah (University of Annaba. Department of Biology) ; Segadelli, Stefano (Emília-Romanya (Itàlia). Servizio Geologico, Sismico e dei Suoli) ; Seiler, Hallie (Zurich University of Applied Sciences. Institute of Natural Resource Science) ; Skoulikidis, Nikolaos Th. (Hellenic Center for Marine Research. Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters) ; Solak, Cüneyt N. (Kütahya Dumlupınar University. Department of Biology) ; Solé Herce, Jaume (Societat Catalana de Ciències per a la Conservació de la Biodiversitat) ; Villholth, Karen G. (Water Cycle Innovation) ; Wani, Huma Khurshid (University of Kashmir. Department of Environmental Science) ; Cantonati, Marco (University of Bologna. Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences) ; Stevens, Lawrence E. (Springs Stewardship Institute)
Cultures in Mediterranean climate zones (MCZs) around the world have long been reliant on groundwater and springs as freshwater sources. While their ecology and cultural sustainability are recognized as critically important, inter-relationships between springs and culture in MCZs has received little attention. [...]
2024 - 10.20944/preprints202401.1035.v1
2 documents
2023-12-02
05:26
21 p, 2.0 MB Unique pharmacodynamic properties and low abuse liability of the μ-opioid receptor ligand (S)-methadone / Michaelides, Michael (NIH) ; Levinstein, Marjorie (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; De Oliveira, Paulo (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Casajuana-Martin, Nil (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) ; Quiroz, Cesar (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Budinich, Reece (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Rais, Rana (Johns Hopkins School of Medicine) ; Rea, William (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Ventriglia, Emilya (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Llopart, Natàlia (Universitat de Barcelona) ; Casadó-Anguera, Verònica (Universitat de Barcelona) ; Moreno, Estefanía (University of Barcelona. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine) ; Walther, Donna (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Glatfelter, Grant (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Weinshenker, David ; Zarate, Carlos (NIMH) ; Casadó, Vicent (University of Barcelona) ; Baumann, Michael (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica)) ; Pardo Carrasco, Leonardo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) ; Ferré, Sergi (National Institute on Drug Abuse (Baltimore, Estats Units d'Amèrica))
(R,S)-methadone ((R,S)-MTD) is a racemic μ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist comprised of (R)-MTD and (S)-MTD enantiomers used for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) and pain. (R)-MTD is used as an OUD treatment, has high MOR potency, and is believed to mediate (R,S)-MTD's therapeutic efficacy. [...]
2023 - 10.21203/rs.3.rs-2644719/v1  
2023-11-23
05:55
2 p, 647.4 KB New Selenium-based nanocapsules to treat Breast Cancer : NEOSETAC / Sánchez-Martín, María-Jesús (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Química) ; Valiente Malmagro, Manuel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Química)
Breast cancer is the most common cancers in women, it comprises of 10. 4% of all the cancer incidences among women, causing 411 093 deaths per year overall the world. The complexity of breast cancer makes it a big challenge for successful treatment. [...]
2018