Per citar aquest document: https://ddd.uab.cat/record/168592
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Geothermal ecosystems as natural climate change experiments : the ForHot research site in Iceland as a case study
Sigurdsson, Djarni D. (Agricultural University of Iceland)
Leblans, Niki I. W. (Agricultural University of Iceland)
Dauwe, Steven (Agricultural University of Iceland)
Guðmundsdóttir, Elín (Náttúrustofa Norðausturlands)
Gundersen, Per (Københavns universitet. Institut for Geovidenskab of Naturforvaltning)
Gunnarsdóttir, Gunnhildur E. (Agricultural University of Iceland)
Holmstrup, Martin (Aarhus Universitet. Institut for Bioscience. Jordfaunaøkologi og økotoksikologi)
Ilieva-Makulec, Krassimira (Uniwersytet Warszawski. Instytut Ekologii i Bioetyki)
Kätterer, Thomas (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Department of Ecology)
Marteinsdóttir, Bryndís (University of Iceland. Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences)
Maljanen, Marja (Itä-Suomen yliopisto)
Oddsdóttir, Edda S. (Icelandic Forest Research)
Ostonen, Ivika (Tartu Ülikool)
Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Poeplau, Christopher (Institut für Agrarklimaschutz)
Richter, Andreas (Universität Wien. Institut für Mikrobiologie und Ecosystem Wissenschaft)
Sigurðsson, Páll (Agricultural University of Iceland)
Van Bodegom, Peter (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden. Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen)
Wallander, Håkan (Lunds universitet. Biologiska institutionen)
Weedon, James (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Department of Ecological Science)
Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie)

Data: 2016
Resum: This article describes how natural geothermal soil temperature gradients in Iceland have been used to study terrestrial ecosystem responses to soil warming. The experimental approach was evaluated at three study sites in southern Iceland; one grassland site that has been warm for at least 50 years (GO), and another comparable grassland site (GN) and a Sitka spruce plantation (FN) site that have both been warmed since an earthquake took place in 2008. Within each site type, five ca. 50 m long transects, with six permanent study plots each, were established across the soil warming gradients, spanning from unwarmed control conditions to gradually warmer soils. It was attempted to select the plots so the annual warming levels would be ca. +1, +3, +5, +10 and +20 °C within each transect. Results of continuous measurements of soil temperature (Ts) from 2013-2015 revealed that the soil warming was relatively constant and followed the seasonal Ts cycle of the unwarmed control plots. Volumetric water content in the top 5 cm of soil was repeatedly surveyed during 2013-2016. The grassland soils were wetter than the FN soils, but they had sometimes some significant warming-induced drying in the surface layer of the warmest plots, in contrast to FN. Soil chemistry did not show any indications that geothermal water had reached the root zone, but soil pH did increase somewhat with warming, which was probably linked to vegetation changes. As expected, the potential decomposition rate of organic matter increased significantly with warming. It was concluded that the natural geothermal gradients at the ForHot sites in Iceland offered realistic conditions for studying terrestrial ecosystem responses to warming with minimal artefacts.
Nota: Imbalance-P paper. Contact with Bjarni D.Sigurdsson
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Geothermal soil warming ; Subarctic grasslands ; Climate change ; Spruce forest ; Decomposition
Publicat a: Icelandic agricultural science, Vol 29 (2016) , p. 53-71, ISSN 1670-567X

DOI: 10.16886/IAS.2016.05


19 p, 2.1 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
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 Registre creat el 2017-01-09, darrera modificació el 2017-06-22



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