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The end of hypergamy : global trends and implications
Esteve, Albert (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)
Scwhartz, Christine (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Van Bavel, Jan (University of Leuven)
Permanyer, Iñaki (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)
Klesment, Martin (University of Leuven)
Garcia Roman, Joan (University of Minnesota)

Data: 2016
Resum: In this work, we focus on the implications of the reversal for trends in assortative mating and, in particular, for educational hypergamy: the pattern in which husbands have more education than their wives. This represents a substantial update to previous studies (Esteve, Garcia-Román, and Permanyer 2012) in the number of countries and years included in the analysis. We present findings from an almost comprehensive world-level analysis using census and survey microdata from 420 samples and 120 countries for the period 1960-2011, which allow us to assert that the reversal of the gender gap in education is strongly associated with the end of hypergamy and increases in hypogamy (wives having more education that their husbands). We provide near universal evidence of this trend and extend our analysis to consider the implications of the end of hypergamy for family dynamics, outcomes, and gender equality. We draw on European microdata to examine whether women are more likely to be the primary breadwinners in the household when they marry men with lower education than themselves and discuss recent research regarding divorce risks among hypogamous couples. We close with an examination of attitudes about women earning more money than their husbands and about the implications for children when a woman works for pay.
Ajuts: European Commission 637768
European Commission 312290
Nota: The research conducted by Albert Esteve and Iñaki Permanyer leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC-2014-StG-637768 for the EQUALIZE project). The research conducted by Jan Van Bavel and Martin Klesment has received funding from the European Research Council as well (ERC-STG-312290 for the GENDERBALL project). The research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison was carried out using the facilities of the Center for Demography and Ecology (R24 HD047873)
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió acceptada per publicar
Matèria: Education ; Gender gap ; Educational hypergamy ; Europe
Publicat a: Population and development review, Vol. 42 Núm. 4 (November 2016) , p. 615-625, ISSN 1728-4457

DOI: 10.1111/padr.12012
PMID: 28490820

13 p, 525.7 KB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències socials i jurídiques > Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics (CED-CERCA)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2017-05-11, darrera modificació el 2023-03-13

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