Web of Science: 152 cites, Scopus: 152 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Multicentre comparison of a diagnostic assay : aquaporin-4 antibodies in neuromyelitis optica
Waters, Patrick (University of Oxford)
Reindl, Markus (Medical University of Innsbruck)
Saiz, Albert (Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Schanda, Kathrin (Medical University of Innsbruck)
Tuller, Friederike (Medical University of Innsbruck)
Kral, Vlastimil (Zdravotni ustav se sidlem v Usti nad Labem, Centrum imunologie a mikrobiologie)
Nytrova, Petra (Center of Clinical Neuroscience First Faculty of Medicine, General University Hospital and First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague)
Sobek, Ondrej (Topelex Ltd)
Nielsen, Helle Hvilsted (Odense University Hospital (Dinamarca))
Barington, Torben (Odense University Hospital (Dinamarca))
Lillevang, Søren T. (Odense University Hospital (Dinamarca))
Illes, Zsolt (University of Pécs)
Rentzsch, Kristin (Euroimmun AG)
Berthele, Achim (Klinikum rechts der Isar der TU München, Klinik für Neurologie)
Berki, Tímea (University of Pécs)
Granieri, Letizia (Neuroscience Institute Cavalieri Ottolenghi (NICO), University Hospital San Luigi Gonzaga, Regional Referring Multiple Sclerosis Centre)
Bertolotto, Antonio (Neuroscience Institute Cavalieri Ottolenghi (NICO), University Hospital San Luigi Gonzaga, Regional Referring Multiple Sclerosis Centre)
Giometto, Bruno (Azienda ULSS 9 Treviso)
Zuliani, Luigi (Azienda ULSS 9 Treviso)
Hamann, Dörte (Sanquin Diagnostic Services, Department of Immunopathology and Blood Coagulation, Amsterdam)
van Pelt, E. Daniëlle (MS Centre ErasMS, Erasmus MC)
Hintzen, Rogier (MS Centre ErasMS, Erasmus MC)
Höftberger, Romana (Medical University of Vienna. Institute of Neurology)
Costa, Carme (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Comabella, Manuel (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Montalban, Xavier (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Tintoré, Mar (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Siva, Aksel (Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical School)
Altintas, Ayse (Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical School)
Deniz, Günnur (Istanbul University, Institute of Experimental Medicine)
Woodhall, Mark (University of Oxford)
Palace, Jacqueline (University of Oxford)
Paul, Friedemann (NeuroCure Clinical Research Center (NCRC), Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin)
Hartung, Hans-Peter (Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf)
Aktas, Orhan (Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf)
Jarius, Sven (University of Heidelberg)
Wildemann, Brigitte (University of Heidelberg)
Vedeler, Christian (Haukeland University Hospital (Bergen, Noruega))
Ruiz, Anne (Lyon Neurosciences Research Centre, Neuro-inflammation and Neuro-oncology Team)
Leite, M. Isabel (University of Oxford)
Trillenberg, Peter (University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck)
Probst, Monika (Institute for Quality Assurance)
Saschenbrecker, Sandra (Euroimmun AG)
Vincent, Angela (University of Oxford)
Marignier, Romain (Lyon Neurosciences Research Centre, Neuro-inflammation and Neuro-oncology Team)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Data: 2016
Resum: Antibodies to cell surface central nervous system proteins help to diagnose conditions which often respond to immunotherapies. The assessment of antibody assays needs to reflect their clinical utility. We report the results of a multicentre study of aquaporin (AQP) 4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) assays in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). Coded samples from patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or NMOSD (101) and controls (92) were tested at 15 European diagnostic centres using 21 assays including live (n=3) or fixed cell-based assays (n=10), flow cytometry (n=4), immunohistochemistry (n=3) and ELISA (n=1). Results of tests on 92 controls identified 12assays as highly specific (0-1 false-positive results). 32 samples from 50 (64%) NMO sera and 34 from 51 (67%) NMOSD sera were positive on at least two of the 12 highly specific assays, leaving 35 patients with seronegative NMO/spectrum disorder (SD). On the basis of a combination of clinical phenotype and the highly specific assays, 66 AQP4-Ab seropositive samples were used to establish the sensitivities (51. 5-100%) of all 21 assays. The specificities (85. 8-100%) were based on 92 control samples and 35 seronegative NMO/SD patient samples. The cell-based assays were most sensitive and specific overall, but immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry could be equally accurate in specialist centres. Since patients with AQP4-Ab negative NMO/SD require different management, the use of both appropriate control samples and defined seronegative NMOSD samples is essential to evaluate these assays in a clinically meaningful way. The process described here can be applied to the evaluation of other antibody assays in the newly evolving field of autoimmune neurology.
Nota: Altres ajuts: This study was funded by the Eugene Devic European Network (EDEN) project (ERA-Net ERARE 2: http://www.erare.eu/financed-projects/eden). Euroimmun AG provided assay kits for groups from Denmark and Hungary at 50% discount, and at no cost to both Italian groups. The work in Oxford was supported by the National Health Service National Specialised Commissioning Group for Neuromyelitis Optica and the National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre. Competing interests: AS is funded by Fundació la Marató de TV3 (101610). FT is enrolled in the doctoral programme SPIN funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF; project W1206). ZI is funded by Lundbeckfonden and Scleroseforeningen of Denmark. AB has received a grant from Bayer Healthcare on NMO. LZ would like to thank RH for her excellent technical assistance with the assay. RH was supported by a Schrödinger fellowship funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF; project J3230). CC acknowledges funding from Fundació la Marató de TV3 (493/C/2012). FP acknowledges funding from the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Competence Network Multiple Sclerosis KKNMS). BW acknowledges funding from the Dietmar-Hopp-Stiftung and from Merck Serono. RM and AR acknowledge Nathalie Dufay from NeuroBioTec-Banques (Hospices Civils de Lyon, France) and funding from Association pour la Recherche sur la Sclerose en Plaques (ARSEP). PW has received speaker honoraria from Biogen Idec and Euroimmun AG; holds a patent with Oxford University for LGI1/CASPR2 antibodies, licensed to Euroimmun AG; and for GABAAR antibodies. MR reports other from University Hospital of Innsbruck (TILAK), during the conduct of the study; personal fees from Euroimmun, outside the submitted work. AS has received compensation for consulting services and speaking from Bayer-Schering, Merck-Serono, Biogen-Idec, Sanofi-Aventis, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd and Novartis. HHN has received travel funding and speaker honoraria from Novartis Healthcare, Biogen Idec, Genzyme Denmark and Teva Denmark. ZI reports grants from Lundbeckfonden, Denmark; Scleroseforeningen, Denmark, during the conduct of the study; personal fees from compensation for consulting services and speaking from Bayer-Schering, Biogen-Idec, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, outside the submitted work. TB reports non-financial support from Euroimmun AG, during the conduct of the study. KR is shareholder and an employee of Euroimmun AG. AB reports grants from Bayer Heathcare, personal fees from Biogen Idec, personal fees from Merck Serono, personal fees from Teva, personal fees from Novartis, personal fees from Genzyme, other from Biogen Idec, other from Novartis, other from Genzyme, other from Roche, other from Alexion Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. LG received congress and travel compensations from Euroimmun. AB received honoraria for serving in the scientific advisory boards of Almirall, Bayer, Biogen Idec, Genzyme, and received speaker honoraria from Biogen Idec, Genzyme, Novartis, TEVA with approval by the Director of AOU San Luigi University Hospital; his institution has received grant support from Bayer, BiogenIdec, Merck, Novartis, TEVA from the Italian Multiple Sclerosis Society, Associazione Ricerca Biomedica ONLUS and San Luigi ONLUS. LZ reports personal fees from Teva Pharmaceutical, personal fees from Novartis, outside the submitted work. MC has received compensation for consulting services and speaking honoraria from Bayer Schering Pharma, Merk Serono, Biogen-Idec, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Sanofi-Aventis, Genzyme, and Novartis. XM has received speaking honoraria and travel expenses for scientific meetings, has been a steering committee member of clinical trials or participated in advisory boards of clinical trials in the past years with Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen Idec, EMD Merck Serono, Genentech, Genzyme, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, Teva Phramaceuticals, Almirall and Roche. MT has received compensation for consulting services and speaking from Bayer-Schering, Merk-Serono, Biogen-Idec, Teva, Sanofi-Aventis, and Novartis. AS reports receiving grants from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey-Health Sciences Research (grants numbers 109S070 and 112S052); and also unrestricted grants from Bayer-Schering AG and Merck-Serono to their Neurology Department Clinical Neuroimmunology Unit. AS also reports receiving honoraria or consultation fees Biogen Idec, Novartis and Teva. He had received travel and registration coverage for attending several national or international congresses or symposia, from Merck Serono, Biogen Idec, Novartis, Teva, Bayer-Schering and Allergan. AA received grants to her department from The Scientific and Technological Research Institute of Turkey-Health Sciences (grants numbers 109S070 and 112S052), and she also received honoraria, research and travel grants from Teva, Merck-Serono, Gen Ilac, Bayer-Schering, Novartis. FP has received travel funding, speaker honoraria and personal compensation for activities on advisory boards and steering committees from Bayer, Biogen Idec, Alexion, Chugai, MedImmune, MerckSerono, Novartis, Teva, and Sanofi Genzyme. He has received grants from the Guthy Jackson Charitable Foundation and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society of the USA. OA reports grants from German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), during the conduct of the study; German Research Foundation (DFG); Hertie Foundation; Biogen; Novartis; Bayer; outside the submitted work; and Honoraria for consultancy and speaking by Biogen, Novartis, Bayer Schering, Teva, Chugai, Genzyme, MedImmune, and Merck Serono. BW reports personal fees from Bayer Healthcare, grants and personal fees from Biogen, Merck Serono; Genzyme, a Sanofi Company; Novartis Pharmaceuticals; TEVA Pharma; grants from Biotest, German Ministry of Education and Research; Dietmar Hopp Foundation; outside the submitted work. H-PH reports personal fees from MedImmune, outside the submitted work. MP is an employee of and holds stock in Euroimmun AG. PT reports non-financial support from Roche Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. SS is an employee of Euroimmun AG. AV is on the Advisory Board for Neurology; was an associate editor for Brain; holds patents with Oxford University for MuSK, LGI1/CASPR2, and GABAAR antibodies, and receives a proportion of royalties. RM reports personal fees from MedImmune, personal fees and non-financial support from Biogen, non-financial support from Merck-Serono, non-financial support from Teva, non-financial support from Novartis, non-financial support from Sanofi, outside the submitted work.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Publicat a: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, Vol. 87 (april 2016) , p. 1005-1015, ISSN 1468-330X

DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2015-312601
PMID: 27113605


11 p, 1.3 MB

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