Web of Science: 31 cites, Scopus: 36 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Exercise-based interventions to enhance long-term sustainability of physical activity in older adults : A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Sansano-Nadal, Oriol (Universitat Ramon Llull. Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i l'Esport Blanquerna)
Giné-Garriga, Maria (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Fisioteràpia)
Brach, Jennifer S. (Department of Physical Therapy. School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences. University of Pittsburgh)
Wert, David M. (Department of Physical Therapy. School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences. University of Pittsburgh)
Jerez-Roig, Javier (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Ciències del'Activitat Física i l'Esport)
Guerra-Balic, M. (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Ciències del'Activitat Física i l'Esport)
Oviedo, Guillem (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Ciències del'Activitat Física i l'Esport)
Fortuño, Jesús (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Ciències del'Activitat Física i l'Esport)
Gómara-Toldrà, Natàlia (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Fisioteràpia)
Soto-Bagaria, Luis (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Pérez, Laura Mónica (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron. Institut de Recerca)
Inzitari, Marco (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina)
Solà, Ivan (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Martin-Borràs, Carme (Universitat Ramon Llull. Departament de Ciències del'Activitat Física i l'Esport)
Roqué, Marta (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Data: 2019
Resum: Exercise is a form of physical activity (PA). PA is an important marker of health and quality of life in older adults. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the effect of exercise-based interventions on an at least six-month follow up PA measure, and to describe the specific strategies implemented during the intervention to strengthen the sustainability of PA in community-dwelling 65+ year-old adults. We registered and conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO: CRD42017070892) of randomized clinical trials (RCT). We searched three electronic databases during January 2018 to identify RCT assessing any type of exercise-based intervention. Studies had to report a pre-, post-, and at least 6-month post-intervention follow-up. To be included, at least one PA outcome had to be assessed. The effect of exercise-based interventions was assessed compared to active (e. g. , a low-intensity type of exercise, such as stretching or toning activities) and non-active (e. g. , usual care) control interventions at several time points. Secondary analyses were conducted, restricted to studies that reported specific strategies to enhance the sustainability of PA. The intervention effect was measured on self-reported and objective measures of time spent in PA, by means of standardized mean differences. Standardized mean differences of PA level were pooled. Pooled estimates of effect were computed with the DerSimonian-Laird method, applying a random effects model. The risk of bias was also assessed. We included 12 studies, comparing 18 exercise intervention groups to four active and nine non-active control groups. Nine studies reported specific strategies to enhance the long-term sustainability of PA. The strategies were mostly related to the self-efficacy, self-control, and behavior capability principles based on the social cognitive theory. Exercise interventions compared to active control showed inconclusive and heterogeneous results. When compared to non-active control, exercise interventions improved PA time at the six-months follow up (standardized mean difference (SMD) 0. 30; 95%CI 0. 15 to 0. 44; four studies; 724 participants; I2 0%), but not at the one- or two-years follow-ups. No data were available on the mid- and long-term effect of adding strategies to enhance the sustainability of PA. Exercise interventions have small clinical benefits on PA levels in community-dwelling older adults, with a decline in the observed improvement after six months of the intervention cessation.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Older adults ; Physical activity ; Sustainability ; Adherence ; Meta-analysis ; Systematic review
Publicat a: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16 Núm. 14 (february 2019) , p. 2527, ISSN 1660-4601

DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16142527
PMID: 31311165


15 p, 2.3 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau
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 Registre creat el 2020-01-10, darrera modificació el 2022-01-26



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