Google Scholar: cites
Coexistence of predators in time : Effects of season and prey availability on species activity within a Mediterranean carnivore guild
Vilella, Marc (Institució Catalana d'Història Natural)
Ferrandiz-Rovira, Mariona (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Sayol, Ferran (University College London. Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Data: 2020
Resum: The degree of coexistence among predators can determine the structure of ecological communities. Niche partitioning is a common strategy applied by species to enhance their coexistence. Diet, habitat, or time use can be responsible for segregation among carnivore species, the latter factor being the least studied in Mediterranean ecosystems. Terrestrial medium-sized carnivores (i. e. , mesocarnivores) carry out important functions in ecosystems, and identifying their interactions is essential for their conservation. In this study, we explore the activity of a terrestrial mesocarnivore guild in order to determine seasonal differences in daily activity patterns of competitors and prey. We also investigate how the abundance of a common mesocarnivore prey in the region, small mammals, influences the activity of predators. During a year, camera trap devices (n = 18) were installed in Montseny Natural Park (Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, North-East Iberian Peninsula), a region that hosts five mesocarnivore species. Camera trapping detections were used to estimate their daily activity patterns and corresponding overlaps. We also surveyed small mammal plots (n = 5) in order to calculate prey abundance and test its effect on the relative activity of each carnivore species. Despite all target mesocarnivores are mainly nocturnal, the activity overlap among them varies according to species particularities and season. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) appears as a generalist species in terms of time use, whereas stone marten (Martes foina) and genet (Genetta genetta) show the most similar activity patterns and both of them seem to be positively influenced by small mammal abundance. Overall, the diversity found in the way mesocarnivore species use time could facilitate their coexistence. Despite activity pattern similarities among carnivore species should not be directly translated to negative interactions, they can have a strong influence in habitat and resource-limited ecosystems. Therefore, activity overlaps should be taken into account when discussing wildlife management actions.
Ajuts: European Commission 838998
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2017/SGR-1006
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Activity overlap ; Activity pattern ; Camera trapping ; Mesocarnivore ; Relative activity index ; Small mammals ; Temporal niche
Publicat a: Ecology and evolution, Vol. 10, Issue 20 (October 2020) , p. 11408-11422, ISSN 2045-7758

DOI: 10.1002/ece3.6778
PMID: 33144974

15 p, 1.4 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2022-02-07, darrera modificació el 2023-10-01

   Favorit i Compartir