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Few multi-year precipitation-reduction experiments find a shift in the productivity-precipitation relationship
Estiarte, Marc (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie)
Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Bahn, Michael. (Universität Innsbruck. Institut für Ökologie)
Beier, Claus (Københavns Universitet. Institut for Geoscience of Natural Resource Management)
Emmett, Bridge A. (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology-Bango)
Fay, Philip A. (United States. Agricultural Research Service)
Hanson, Paul H. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Climate Change Science Institute)
Hasibeder, Roland (Universität Innsbruck. Institut für Ökologie)
Kigel, Jaime (Universitah ha-Ivrit bi-Yerushalayim)
Kröel-Dulay, György (MTA Ökológiai Kutatóközpont)
Larsen, Klaus Steenberg (Københavns Universitet. Institut for Geoscience of Natural Resource Management)
Lellei-Kovács (MTA Ökológiai Kutatóközpont)
Limousin, Jean-Marc (Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive)
Ogaya Inurrigarro, Romà (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Ourcival, Jean-Marc (Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive)
Reinsch, Sabine (Norsk institutt for vannforskning. Center for Catchment and Urban Water Research, Section for Water and Society)
Sala, Osvaldo E. (Arizona State University. School of Life Sciences and School of Sustainability)
Schmidt, Inger Kappel (Københavns Universitet. Institut for Geoscience of Natural Resource Management)
Sternberg, Marcelo (Tel-Aviv. University. Department of Molecular Biology & Ecology of Plants)
Tielborger, Katja (Universität Tübingen. Department of Biology)
Tietema, Albert (Universiteit van Amsterdam. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics)
Janssens, Ivan (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie)

Data: 2016
Resum: Well-defined productivity-precipitation relationships of ecosystems are needed as benchmarks for the validation of land models used for future projections. The productivity-precipitation relationship may be studied in two ways: the spatial approach relates differences in productivity to those in precipitation among sites along a precipitation gradient (the spatial fit, with a steeper slope); the temporal approach relates interannual productivity changes to variation in precipitation within sites (the temporal fits, with flatter slopes). Precipitation-reduction experiments in natural ecosystems represent a complement to the fits, because they can reduce precipitation below the natural range and are thus well suited to study potential effects of climate drying. Here, we analyse the effects of dry treatments in eleven multiyear precipitation-manipulation experiments, focusing on changes in the temporal fit. We expected that structural changes in the dry treatments would occur in some experiments, thereby reducing the intercept of the temporal fit and displacing the productivity-precipitation relationship downward the spatial fit. The majority of experiments (72%) showed that dry treatments did not alter the temporal fit. This implies that current temporal fits are to be preferred over the spatial fit to benchmark land-model projections of productivity under future climate within the precipitation ranges covered by the experiments. Moreover, in two experiments, the intercept of the temporal fit unexpectedly increased due to mechanisms that reduced either water loss or nutrient loss. The expected decrease of the intercept was observed in only one experiment, and only when distinguishing between the late and the early phases of the experiment. This implies that we currently do not know at which precipitation-reduction level or at which experimental duration structural changes will start to alter ecosystem productivity. Our study highlights the need for experiments with multiple, including more extreme, dry treatments, to identify the precipitation boundaries within which the current temporal fits remain valid.
Ajuts: European Commission 226701
European Commission 610028
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad CGL2013/48074-P
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2014/SGR-274
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió acceptada per publicar
Matèria: Precipitation ; Aboveground productivity ; Drought ; Precipitation-reduction experiments ; Spatial fit ; Temporal fit
Publicat a: Global change biology, Vol. 22, No. 7 (July 2016) , p. 2570-2581, ISSN 1365-2486

DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13269


Postprint
28 p, 1.3 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2016-03-16, darrera modificació el 2022-04-01



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