Web of Science: 25 cites, Scopus: 26 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Transposon insertions, structural variations, and SNPs contribute to the evolution of the melon genome
Sanseverino, Walter (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Hénaff, Elizabeth (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Vives, Cristina (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Pinosio, Sara (Universita degli studi di Udine. Dipartimento di szience agrarie e ambientali)
Burgos-Paz, William (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Morgante, Michele (Universita degli studi di Udine. Dipartimento di szience agrarie e ambientali)
Ramos Onsins, Sebastián E. (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Garcia Mas, Jordi (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Casacuberta i Suñer, Josep M. (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)

Data: 2015
Resum: The availability of extensive databases of crop genome sequences should allow analysis of crop variability at an unprecedented scale, which should have an important impact in plant breeding. However, up to now the analysis of genetic variability at the whole-genome scale has been mainly restricted to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). This is a strong limitation as structural variation (SV) and transposon insertion polymorphisms are frequent in plant species and have had an important mutational role in crop domestication and breeding. Here, we present the first comprehensive analysis of melon genetic diversity, which includes a detailed analysis of SNPs, SV, and transposon insertion polymorphisms. The variability found among seven melon varieties representing the species diversity and including wild accessions and highly breed lines, is relatively high due in part to the marked divergence of some lineages. The diversity is distributed nonuniformly across the genome, being lower at the extremes of the chromosomes and higher in the pericentromeric regions, which is compatible with the effect of purifying selection and recombination forces over functional regions. Additionally, this variability is greatly reduced among elite varieties, probably due to selection during breeding. We have found some chromosomal regions showing a high differentiation of the elite varieties versus the rest, which could be considered as strongly selected candidate regions. Our data also suggest that transposons and SV may be at the origin of an important fraction of the variability in melon, which highlights the importance of analyzing all types of genetic variability to understand crop genome evolution.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/AGL2013-43244-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/AGL2013-41834-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/AGL2012-40130-C02-01
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/AGL2009-12698-C02-01
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/BFU2009-11932
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Transposon polymorphism ; SNP ; Structural variation ; Melon ; Evolution
Publicat a: Molecular biology and evolution, Vol. 32, issue 10 (Oct. 2015) , p. 2760-74, ISSN 0737-4038

DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv152

38 p, 1.7 MB

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